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Hijab: Compulsion or choice?

One of the most common and heated debates between Muslims: Do Muslim women really need to wear hijab? Is it in the Qur’an?

    ***DISCLAIMER: The objective of my article is NOT to prove that the hijab is not an obligation, but rather to show that there are people who find covering of the hair not mandatory in Islam and to explain why they feel that way. This article was also NOT written to insult or ridicule the hijab in any way. The information that I used in this article are references from Islamic scholars, hadith experts and also classical Arabic speakers. I DID NOT MAKE MY OWN TRANSLATION. The purpose of this article is to simply open people’s mind to an alternate perspective, NOT to abolish the hijab ruling that has been deeply embedded into our Muslim society these days. Please do NOT use this article as a reason to not wear the hijab. All your decisions should be done on your own accord, with the best intentions, in the name of God. PLEASE READ THOROUGHLY AND UNTIL THE END TO AVOID FALSE ACCUSATIONS AND CONFUSION. I am not claiming to be 100% correct, as I know I am not, but when opinions clash, as in the case of the obligation of the hijab, it has always been important to me to keep your niyyah (intentions) right as God is acquainted with whatever we do. Wallahualam. Wallahualam. Wallahualam. May God bless us with His guidance and mercy!

Where I come from, wearing a hijab represents your piety. Most non-hijabi women in my country are referred to as religion-iliterate and have no right to speak of Islam if they had their hair showing, and those who do wear hijab are considered religious. Modesty to them only means what you wear, not how you act.

Non-hijabi women like myself have received countless condescending comparisons, like associating us with unwrapped candies, giving non-hijabis the perception that we’re dirty. Being an avid student of the Qur’an, I have found myself engaging in many anonymous hate mails telling me I have no right to speak of Islam, or how “disturbed” they are at the fact that I am brave enough to speak of my religion even though I do not wear a hijab. There are too many people that I have encountered who have the “I am more Muslim than you” syndrome. They act like they know Islam much better than I do only because my appearance does not “represent” Islam.

Back to the topic, the wearing of the hijab has been a famous topic of discussion for a long time in the Islamic world. And today I just thought I’d share my views on this certain topic the way I have been raised and also the things that I have learnt studying the Qur’an. This article is a result of genuine curiosity towards why my father had never enforced the hijab onto the women and girls in my family even though he is a religious man, and not meant to ridicule the hijab in any way.

What is a hijab? The hijab (ﺣﺠﺎﺏ) is a veil which covers the head, usually worn by a Muslim female. Most often, it is worn as a symbol of modesty, privacy, and morality. Although the Qur’an stresses modesty, it does not specifically require women to keep their heads or faces covered. In fact, the Qur’an never explicitly uses the term hijab in reference to body veiling in any context, instead using the words khimār (ﺧﻤﺎﺭ ) and jilbāb (ﺟﻠﺒﺎﺏ ), not hijab. It never references the specific item or items of clothing used to cover up. The word hijab in Arabic literally means “a screen or curtain” and is used in the Qur’an to refer to a partition. The Qur’an tells male Muslims to talk to the wives of the Prophet (PBUH) behind a hijab. However, in later Muslim societies, this instruction, specifically to the wives of the Prophet (PBUH) was generalized, leading to the commonly understood belief that hijab is a requirement in Islamic tradition for all Muslim women. But is it?

While many Muslims call the hijab an Islamic dress code, they completely ignore the fact that the Qur’an has never emphasized on the wearing of a hijab. The term has been used by many Muslims to describe their head cover that may or may not include covering their face except their eyes, however that is not how the term is used in the Qur’an.

Hijab in the Qur’an:

    ﻭَﺑَﻴْﻨَﻬُﻤَﺎ ﺣِﺠَﺎﺏٌ ﻭَﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺍﻷَﻋْﺮَﺍﻑِ ﺭِﺟَﺎﻝٌ ﻳَﻌْﺮِﻓُﻮﻥَ ﻛُﻼًّ ﺑِﺴِﻴﻤَﺎﻫُﻢْ ﻭَﻧَﺎﺩَﻭْﺍْ ﺃَﺻْﺤَﺎﺏَ ﺍﻟْﺠَﻨَّﺔِ ﺃَﻥ ﺳَﻼَﻡٌ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻜُﻢْ ﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﺪْﺧُﻠُﻮﻫَﺎ ﻭَﻫُﻢْ ﻳَﻄْﻤَﻌُﻮﻥَ
    [Surat Al-‘A’raf 7:46] And between them will be a partition, and on [its] elevations are men who recognize all by their mark. And they call out to the companions of Paradise, “Peace be upon you.” They have not [yet] entered it, but they long intensely.
    ﻭَﺇِﺫَﺍ ﻗَﺮَﺃْﺕَ ﺍﻟْﻘُﺮﺁﻥَ ﺟَﻌَﻠْﻨَﺎ ﺑَﻴْﻨَﻚَ ﻭَﺑَﻴْﻦَ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻻَ ﻳُﺆْﻣِﻨُﻮﻥَ ﺑِﺎﻵﺧِﺮَﺓِ ﺣِﺠَﺎﺑًﺎ ﻣَّﺴْﺘُﻮﺭًﺍ
    [Surat Al-‘Isra’ 17:45] And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter a concealed partition.
    ﻓَﺎﺗَّﺨَﺬَﺕْ ﻣِﻦ ﺩُﻭﻧِﻬِﻢْ ﺣِﺠَﺎﺑًﺎ ﻓَﺄَﺭْﺳَﻠْﻨَﺎ ﺇِﻟَﻴْﻬَﺎ ﺭُﻭﺣَﻨَﺎ ﻓَﺘَﻤَﺜَّﻞَ ﻟَﻬَﺎ ﺑَﺸَﺮًﺍ ﺳَﻮِﻳًّﺎ
    [Surat Maryam 19:17] She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent her our angel, and he appeared before her as a man in all respects.
    ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﺁﻣَﻨُﻮﺍ ﻟَﺎ ﺗَﺪْﺧُﻠُﻮﺍ ﺑُﻴُﻮﺕَ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺒِﻲِّ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﺃَﻥ ﻳُﺆْﺫَﻥَ ﻟَﻜُﻢْ ﺇِﻟَﻰ ﻃَﻌَﺎﻡٍ ﻏَﻴْﺮَ ﻧَﺎﻇِﺮِﻳﻦَ ﺇِﻧَﺎﻩُ ﻭَﻟَﻜِﻦْ ﺇِﺫَﺍ ﺩُﻋِﻴﺘُﻢْ ﻓَﺎﺩْﺧُﻠُﻮﺍ ﻓَﺈِﺫَﺍ ﻃَﻌِﻤْﺘُﻢْ ﻓَﺎﻧﺘَﺸِﺮُﻭﺍ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻣُﺴْﺘَﺄْﻧِﺴِﻴﻦَ ﻟِﺤَﺪِﻳﺚٍ ﺇِﻥَّ ﺫَﻟِﻜُﻢْ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﻳُﺆْﺫِﻱ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺒِﻲَّ ﻓَﻴَﺴْﺘَﺤْﻴِﻲ ﻣِﻨﻜُﻢْ ﻭَﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟَﺎ ﻳَﺴْﺘَﺤْﻴِﻲ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟْﺤَﻖِّ ﻭَﺇِﺫَﺍ ﺳَﺄَﻟْﺘُﻤُﻮﻫُﻦَّ ﻣَﺘَﺎﻋًﺎ ﻓَﺎﺳْﺄَﻟُﻮﻫُﻦَّ ﻣِﻦ ﻭَﺭَﺍﺀ ﺣِﺠَﺎﺏٍ ﺫَﻟِﻜُﻢْ ﺃَﻃْﻬَﺮُ ﻟِﻘُﻠُﻮﺑِﻜُﻢْ ﻭَﻗُﻠُﻮﺑِﻬِﻦَّ ﻭَﻣَﺎ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﻟَﻜُﻢْ ﺃَﻥ ﺗُﺆْﺫُﻭﺍ ﺭَﺳُﻮﻝَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﺃَﻥ ﺗَﻨﻜِﺤُﻮﺍ ﺃَﺯْﻭَﺍﺟَﻪُ ﻣِﻦ ﺑَﻌْﺪِﻩِ ﺃَﺑَﺪًﺍ ﺇِﻥَّ ﺫَﻟِﻜُﻢْ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﻋِﻨﺪَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﻋَﻈِﻴﻤًﺎ
    [Surat Al-‘Azhab 33:53] O you who believe, do not enter the houses of the Prophet, unless you are permitted for a meal, not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, go inside. Then, once you have had the meal, just disperse, and (do) not (sit for long) being keen for a chat. This (conduct of yours) hurts the Prophet, but he feels shy of (telling) you (about it), but Allah is not shy of the truth. And when you ask any thing from them (the blessed wives of the Prophet), ask them from behind a curtain. That is better for the purity of your hearts and their hearts. It is not allowed for you that you hurt Allah‘s Messenger, nor that you ever marry his wives after him. Indeed, it would be an enormity in the sight of Allah.
    ﻓَﻘَﺎﻝَ ﺇِﻧِّﻲ ﺃَﺣْﺒَﺒْﺖُ ﺣُﺐَّ ﺍﻟْﺨَﻴْﺮِ ﻋَﻦ ﺫِﻛْﺮِ ﺭَﺑِّﻲ ﺣَﺘَّﻰ ﺗَﻮَﺍﺭَﺕْ ﺑِﺎﻟْﺤِﺠَﺎﺏِ
    [Surat Sad 38:32] And he said: Lo! I have preferred the good things (of the world) to the remembrance of my Lord; till they were taken out of sight behind the curtain.
    ﻭَﻗَﺎﻟُﻮﺍ ﻗُﻠُﻮﺑُﻨَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺃَﻛِﻨَّﺔٍ ﻣِّﻤَّﺎ ﺗَﺪْﻋُﻮﻧَﺎ ﺇِﻟَﻴْﻪِ ﻭَﻓِﻲ ﺁﺫَﺍﻧِﻨَﺎ ﻭَﻗْﺮٌ ﻭَﻣِﻦ ﺑَﻴْﻨِﻨَﺎ ﻭَﺑَﻴْﻨِﻚَ ﺣِﺠَﺎﺏٌ ﻓَﺎﻋْﻤَﻞْ ﺇِﻧَّﻨَﺎ ﻋَﺎﻣِﻠُﻮﻥَ
    [Surat Fussilat 41:5] And they say, “Our hearts are within coverings from that to which you invite us, and in our ears is deafness, and between us and you is a partition, so work; indeed, we are working.”
    ﻭَﻣَﺎ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﻟِﺒَﺸَﺮٍ ﺃَﻥ ﻳُﻜَﻠِّﻤَﻪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻭَﺣْﻴًﺎ ﺃَﻭْ ﻣِﻦ ﻭَﺭَﺍﺀ ﺣِﺠَﺎﺏٍ ﺃَﻭْ ﻳُﺮْﺳِﻞَ ﺭَﺳُﻮﻟًﺎ ﻓَﻴُﻮﺣِﻲَ ﺑِﺈِﺫْﻧِﻪِ ﻣَﺎ ﻳَﺸَﺎﺀ ﺇِﻧَّﻪُ ﻋَﻠِﻲٌّ ﺣَﻜِﻴﻢٌ
    [Surat Ash-Shuraa 42:51] And it is not for any human being that Allah should speak to him except by revelation or from behind a partition or that He sends a messenger to reveal, by His permission, what He wills. Indeed, He is Most High and Wise.

As we can see, the hijab has been used in the Qur’an as a screen, partition or curtain. None of these “hijab” words are used in the Qur’an in reference to what the Muslims refer to today as a dress code for the Muslim woman. The Arabic word hijab can be translated into veil. Other meanings for the word include screen, covering, curtain, drapes, or partition. Hijab in the Qur’an has nothing to do with the Muslim women dress code.

The tradition of wearing the veil (by women) and the headcover (by men) was adopted by the Jews who wrote it in the Talmud (Talmud equals the hadiths and sunnah, neither of which are the words of God) then the Christians adopted the same. Observant Jewish women still cover their heads most of the time, especially in the synagogues, weddings, and religious festivities. Christian women cover their heads in many religious occasions while the nuns cover their heads all the time. As we can expect the traditional Arabs, of all religions, Jews, Christians and Muslims used to wear head cover, or “hijab,” not because of Islam, but because of tradition. In Saudi Arabia, up to this day most of the men cover their heads because of tradition. North Africa is known for its Taureg tribe that have the Muslim men wearing the hijab instead of women.

Costumes always reflected the environmental needs. In the harsh deserts of Arabia, the pre-Islamic Arab nomads lived in tents or huts with no doors and with roofs made out of palm trees. They were exposed to all kinds of severe weather conditions: from the burning sun in the summers, to sand storms, cold, and often rain in the winters. Before proper houses were built, people sought the shelter of their own clothes to protect them. Due to that, both men and women often covered their heads and wore long garments. Covering the heads was neither a religious nor social obligation. Because of such severe weather conditions, it doesn’t come as a surprise that even today, men of the nomadic Tuareg tribes in North African Sahara, and not the women, are veiled. It is a firmly established tradition that men begin wearing the veil that covers the entire head and face with the exception of the eyes, at the age of twenty-five. And once they reach this age, the veil is never removed even in front of their family members.

From here, we have established why pre-Islamic and Muslim Arabs or Muslim women and men in the time of the Prophet (PBUH) veiled themselves. It is to protect themselves from the harsh environments of the deserts.

In brief, the hijab is a traditional dress and has nothing to do with religion. In certain areas of the world, men are the ones who wear the hijab while in others, the women do. Mixing religion with tradition is a form of idolworship, since the followers of traditions are following laws from sources other than God’s scriptures and claim it to be from God. Following innovated laws not stated in the the Qur’an is a clear sign of disregarding God and His message. When tradition supersedes God’s commandment, religion takes a second place.

    ﻗُﻞْ ﺃَﺭَﺃَﻳْﺘُﻢ ﻣَّﺎ ﺃَﻧﺰَﻝَ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪُ ﻟَﻜُﻢ ﻣِّﻦ ﺭِّﺯْﻕٍ ﻓَﺠَﻌَﻠْﺘُﻢ ﻣِّﻨْﻪُ ﺣَﺮَﺍﻣًﺎ ﻭَﺣَﻼَﻻً ﻗُﻞْ ﺁﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺃَﺫِﻥَ ﻟَﻜُﻢْ ﺃَﻡْ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪِ ﺗَﻔْﺘَﺮُﻭﻥَ
    [Surat Yunus 10:59] Say, “Have you seen what Allah has sent down to you of provision of which you have made [some] lawful and [some] unlawful?” Say, “Has Allah permitted you [to do so], or do you invent [something] about Allah?”

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Let’s first begin by establishing the basic dress code in Islam:

ﻳَﺎ ﺑَﻨِﻲ ﺁﺩَﻡَ ﻗَﺪْ ﺃَﻧﺰَﻟْﻨَﺎ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻜُﻢْ ﻟِﺒَﺎﺳًﺎ ﻳُﻮَﺍﺭِﻱ ﺳَﻮْﺀَﺍﺗِﻜُﻢْ ﻭَﺭِﻳﺸًﺎ ﻭَﻟِﺒَﺎﺱُ ﺍﻟﺘَّﻘْﻮَﻯَ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﺧَﻴْﺮٌ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﻣِﻦْ ﺁﻳَﺎﺕِ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪِ ﻟَﻌَﻠَّﻬُﻢْ ﻳَﺬَّﻛَّﺮُﻭﻥَ
[Surat Al-‘A’raf 7:26] O children of Adam, We have bestowed upon you clothing to conceal your private parts and as adornment. But the clothing of righteousness – that is best. That is from the signs of Allah that perhaps they will remember.

It is seen here that the best garment is the garment of righteousness. This term has been used a lot of times in the Qur’an to emphasize its importance. Do everything with righteousness. It is the most important rule in Islam.

The second rule of dress code of women in Islam can be found in the following verse:

ﻭَﻗُﻞ ﻟِّﻠْﻤُﺆْﻣِﻨَﺎﺕِ ﻳَﻐْﻀُﻀْﻦَ ﻣِﻦْ ﺃَﺑْﺼَﺎﺭِﻫِﻦَّ ﻭَﻳَﺤْﻔَﻈْﻦَ ﻓُﺮُﻭﺟَﻬُﻦَّ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳُﺒْﺪِﻳﻦَ ﺯِﻳﻨَﺘَﻬُﻦَّ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻣَﺎ ﻇَﻬَﺮَ ﻣِﻨْﻬَﺎ ﻭَﻟْﻴَﻀْﺮِﺑْﻦَ ﺑِﺨُﻤُﺮِﻫِﻦَّ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺟُﻴُﻮﺑِﻬِﻦَّ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳُﺒْﺪِﻳﻦَ ﺯِﻳﻨَﺘَﻬُﻦَّ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻟِﺒُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺁﺑَﺎﺋِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺁﺑَﺎﺀ ﺑُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺃَﺑْﻨَﺎﺋِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺃَﺑْﻨَﺎﺀ ﺑُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺇِﺧْﻮَﺍﻧِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺑَﻨِﻲ ﺇِﺧْﻮَﺍﻧِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺑَﻨِﻲ ﺃَﺧَﻮَﺍﺗِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﻧِﺴَﺎﺋِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﻣَﺎ ﻣَﻠَﻜَﺖْ ﺃَﻳْﻤَﺎﻧُﻬُﻦَّ ﺃَﻭِ ﺍﻟﺘَّﺎﺑِﻌِﻴﻦَ ﻏَﻴْﺮِ ﺃُﻭْﻟِﻲ ﺍﻟْﺈِﺭْﺑَﺔِ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟَﺎﻝِ ﺃَﻭِ ﺍﻟﻄِّﻔْﻞِ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﻈْﻬَﺮُﻭﺍ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻋَﻮْﺭَﺍﺕِ ﺍﻟﻨِّﺴَﺎﺀ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳَﻀْﺮِﺑْﻦَ ﺑِﺄَﺭْﺟُﻠِﻬِﻦَّ ﻟِﻴُﻌْﻠَﻢَ ﻣَﺎ ﻳُﺨْﻔِﻴﻦَ ﻣِﻦ ﺯِﻳﻨَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﻭَﺗُﻮﺑُﻮﺍ ﺇِﻟَﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺟَﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟْﻤُﺆْﻣِﻨُﻮﻥَ ﻟَﻌَﻠَّﻜُﻢْ ﺗُﻔْﻠِﺤُﻮﻥَ
[Surat An-Nur 24:31] And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (necessarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss.

Some Muslims quote this verse as containing the hijab, or head cover, by pointing to the word “bi’khumurihinna” (ﺑِﺨُﻤُﺮِﻫِﻦَّ from khimar: ﺧﻤﺎﺭ), forgetting that God already used the hijab several times in the Qur’an. So what is the meaning of khimar?

Let’s first note the relevant part of the verse:

    20130712-021950.jpg“… and to draw (ﻭَﻟْﻴَﻀْﺮِﺑْﻦَ walyadrib’na) their veils (ﺑِﺨُﻤُﺮِﻫِﻦَّ bi’khumurihinna) over (ﻋَﻠَﻰ ala) their bosoms (ﺟُﻴُﻮﺑِﻬِﻦَّ jayubihin)…”

What most non-Arabic speakers usually do is to ask the common Arabic speaking person what a Qur’anic word may mean today. A modern day Arabic speaker will most likely give a response based on the 21st century popular rendering of the term. This is also the case with popular translations which often incorporate popular uses of Arabic terms. For academics and students of the Qur’an who study classical languages, one needs to understand what is meant by a word in its classical usage to obtain the best meaning given the context.

Words often develop in languages and the best meaning of a word needs to be understood in the context that is being studied. It is also futile to obtain a classical rendering of a term to understand what a word means in its modern usage.

The Arabic word “khumur” does not simply imply a head-covering for women, as commonly understood in its modern day usage. It is formed from the root word “kha-miim-ra” (ﺥ ﻡ ﺭ) which primarily means to “conceal or cover”. A veil is an example of such a covering but it is not restricted to it.

20130712-022553.jpgSource: Edward Lanes Lexicon

The same root word kha-miim-ra also forms words such as “khamr” which means something which intoxicates (e.g. wine) as it clouds, obscures, covers and conceals the intellect. Again, the core meaning is derived from the understanding “to conceal”.

ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﺁﻣَﻨُﻮﺍْ ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﺍﻟْﺨَﻤْﺮُ ﻭَﺍﻟْﻤَﻴْﺴِﺮُ ﻭَﺍﻷَﻧﺼَﺎﺏُ ﻭَﺍﻷَﺯْﻻَﻡُ ﺭِﺟْﺲٌ ﻣِّﻦْ ﻋَﻤَﻞِ ﺍﻟﺸَّﻴْﻄَﺎﻥِ ﻓَﺎﺟْﺘَﻨِﺒُﻮﻩُ ﻟَﻌَﻠَّﻜُﻢْ ﺗُﻔْﻠِﺤُﻮﻥَ
[Surat Al-Ma’idah 5:90] O you who believe! Strong drink and wine (ﺍﻟْﺨَﻤْﺮُ khamru), gambling, altars and divining arrows are filth, made up by Satan. Therefore, refrain from it, so that you may be successful.

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Even though the khimar has now become more commonly known in its restrictive sense as a head covering for women, the original meaning of a khimar (plural: khumur) is any covering of a thing or by which a thing is veiled or covered. This is not restricted to a head covering or a covering of the hair, for a man’s turban is also known as a khumur as it covers a man’s head.

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The focus of verse 24:31 is simply on the chest. If one is to remain true to the classical Arabic and the Qur’an itself, there is also no implication of “hair covering” from the word “bi’khumurihinna” which simply means “a covering” in its primary sense. If God so willed to order the women to cover their heads or their hair, nothing would have prevented Him from doing so. God does not run out of words. God does not forget. God did not order the women to cover their heads or their hair.

Women were asked to cover their chests with a khimar, which could have been a scarf, shawl or whatever garments they used. The verse does not order women to cover their heads. Even if we accept the translation of the word “khimar” being used as a head cover, women were ordered to cover their chests with it and not their heads.

Notice also this expression in the verse:

    “…they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (necessarily) appear thereof…”

This expression may sound vague to many. God here used this very general term to give us the freedom to decide according to our own circumstances the definition of what is “necessary”. It is not up to a scholar or any particular person to define this term. God wants to leave it personal for every woman. Women who follow the basic rule number one (righteousness), will have no problem in making the right decision to reveal only which is necessary.

The third rule of dress code of women in Islam can be found in this verse:

ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺒِﻲُّ ﻗُﻞ ﻟِّﺄَﺯْﻭَﺍﺟِﻚَ ﻭَﺑَﻨَﺎﺗِﻚَ ﻭَﻧِﺴَﺎﺀ ﺍﻟْﻤُﺆْﻣِﻨِﻴﻦَ ﻳُﺪْﻧِﻴﻦَ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻬِﻦَّ ﻣِﻦ ﺟَﻠَﺎﺑِﻴﺒِﻬِﻦَّ ﺫَﻟِﻚَ ﺃَﺩْﻧَﻰ ﺃَﻥ ﻳُﻌْﺮَﻓْﻦَ ﻓَﻠَﺎ ﻳُﺆْﺫَﻳْﻦَ ﻭَﻛَﺎﻥَ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻏَﻔُﻮﺭًﺍ ﺭَّﺣِﻴﻤًﺎ
[Surat Al-‘Azhab 33:59] O prophet, tell your wives, your daughters, and the wives of the believers that they shall lengthen their garments. Thus, they will be recognized and avoid being insulted. God is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

In the above verse, God sets the other regulation for the dress code during the Prophet’s (PBUH) life. Although the verse is talking to the Prophet (PBUH), which means this regulation applies to the time of the Prophet (PBUH), the description can teach us a great deal.

If you reflect on this verse and how God ordered the Prophet (PBUH) to tell his wives, his daughters and the wives of the believers to lengthen their garments, you would understand the great wisdom of God. In this verse, God said, “tell them, to lengthen their garments,” and never said how long is long. God could have said tell them to lengthen their garments to their ankles or to their mid-calf or to their knees, but He did not. He did not, not because He forgot as God does not forget, but out of His mercy.

God knows that we will be living in different communities and have different cultures and insists that the minor details of this dress code will be left for the people of every community to decide for themselves. It is clear from the above verses that the dress code for Muslim women according to the Qur’an is righteousness and modesty. God knows that this modesty will be understood differently in different communities and that is why He left it open to us to decide for ourselves. Decide, after righteousness what is modesty.

Modesty for a woman who lives in America may not be the same as a woman who lives in Egypt. Modesty of a woman who lives in Egypt may not be the same as a woman who lives in Malaysia. Modesty of a woman who lives in Saudi Arabia may not be the same as a woman who lives in a desert oasis in the same country.

This difference in the way we perceive modesty is well known to God. He created us, and He put no hardship on us. He left it to us to decide what modesty would be. For any person to draw a line and make conclusion for God about the definition of modesty is to admit that he or she knows better than God. God left it open for us and noone has the authority to restrict it.

It should also be clarified that modesty does not only refer to what you wear, but also the way you speak and behave. In Islam, being humble, patient and soft-spoken would be considered modest. A woman’s bad attitude cannot be justified as modesty even if she is covered from head to toe.

It is also important to put into account that if covering of the hair was an obligation, God would have specifically written so in the Qur’an. God is not short of words nor is He vague in the commands He decrees for us. What God says in His book is complete and detailed.

    ﺃَﻓَﻐَﻴْﺮَ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪِ ﺃَﺑْﺘَﻐِﻲ ﺣَﻜَﻤًﺎ ﻭَﻫُﻮَ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻱ ﺃَﻧَﺰَﻝَ ﺇِﻟَﻴْﻜُﻢُ ﺍﻟْﻜِﺘَﺎﺏَ ﻣُﻔَﺼَّﻼً ﻭَﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﺁﺗَﻴْﻨَﺎﻫُﻢُ ﺍﻟْﻜِﺘَﺎﺏَ ﻳَﻌْﻠَﻤُﻮﻥَ ﺃَﻧَّﻪُ ﻣُﻨَﺰَّﻝٌ ﻣِّﻦ ﺭَّﺑِّﻚَ ﺑِﺎﻟْﺤَﻖِّ ﻓَﻼَ ﺗَﻜُﻮﻧَﻦَّ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟْﻤُﻤْﺘَﺮِﻳﻦَ
    [Surat Al-‘An’am 6:114] So, should I seek someone other than Allah as judge, while it is He who has sent down to you the Book in details? Those We have given the Book know that it is revealed from your Lord with the truth. So, never be one of those who are in suspicion.
    ﻭَﺗَﻤَّﺖْ ﻛَﻠِﻤَﺖُ ﺭَﺑِّﻚَ ﺻِﺪْﻗًﺎ ﻭَﻋَﺪْﻻً ﻻَّ ﻣُﺒَﺪِّﻝِ ﻟِﻜَﻠِﻤَﺎﺗِﻪِ ﻭَﻫُﻮَ ﺍﻟﺴَّﻤِﻴﻊُ ﺍﻟْﻌَﻠِﻴﻢُ
    [Surat Al-‘An’am 6:115] And the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can alter His words, and He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

God also calls on His believers to make sure not to fall in the trap of idolworship by following the words of the scholars instead of the words of God.

    ﺍﺗَّﺨَﺬُﻭﺍْ ﺃَﺣْﺒَﺎﺭَﻫُﻢْ ﻭَﺭُﻫْﺒَﺎﻧَﻬُﻢْ ﺃَﺭْﺑَﺎﺑًﺎ ﻣِّﻦ ﺩُﻭﻥِ ﺍﻟﻠّﻪِ ﻭَﺍﻟْﻤَﺴِﻴﺢَ ﺍﺑْﻦَ ﻣَﺮْﻳَﻢَ ﻭَﻣَﺎ ﺃُﻣِﺮُﻭﺍْ ﺇِﻻَّ ﻟِﻴَﻌْﺒُﺪُﻭﺍْ ﺇِﻟَﻬًﺎ ﻭَﺍﺣِﺪًﺍ ﻻَّ ﺇِﻟَﻪَ ﺇِﻻَّ ﻫُﻮَ ﺳُﺒْﺤَﺎﻧَﻪُ ﻋَﻤَّﺎ ﻳُﺸْﺮِﻛُﻮﻥَ
    [Surat At-Tawbah 9:31] They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah, and [also] the Messiah, the son of Mary. And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him.

Even the Prophet (PBUH) cannot prohibit things, or make lawful things on his own. When he tried to do that God admonished him publicly:

    ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺒِﻲُّ ﻟِﻢَ ﺗُﺤَﺮِّﻡُ ﻣَﺎ ﺃَﺣَﻞَّ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟَﻚَ ﺗَﺒْﺘَﻐِﻲ ﻣَﺮْﺿَﺎﺕَ ﺃَﺯْﻭَﺍﺟِﻚَ ﻭَﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻏَﻔُﻮﺭٌ ﺭَّﺣِﻴﻢٌ
    [Surat Al-Tahrim 66:1] O Prophet, why do you prohibit [yourself from] what Allah has made lawful for you, seeking the approval of your wives? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

God does not need any addition to His book. God tells us in the Qur’an that He does not run out of words and that if He so willed, He could have given us hundreds, thousands or millions of books besides the Quran.

    ﻗُﻞ ﻟَّﻮْ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﺤْﺮُ ﻣِﺪَﺍﺩًﺍ ﻟِّﻜَﻠِﻤَﺎﺕِ ﺭَﺑِّﻲ ﻟَﻨَﻔِﺪَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﺤْﺮُ ﻗَﺒْﻞَ ﺃَﻥ ﺗَﻨﻔَﺪَ ﻛَﻠِﻤَﺎﺕُ ﺭَﺑِّﻲ ﻭَﻟَﻮْ ﺟِﺌْﻨَﺎ ﺑِﻤِﺜْﻠِﻪِ ﻣَﺪَﺩًﺍ
    [Surat Al-Kahf 18:109] Say, “If the sea were ink for [writing] the words of my Lord, the sea would be exhausted before the words of my Lord were exhausted, even if We brought the like of it as a supplement.”

We are not to add to this religion what God deliberately left out and claim it to be from Him or His messenger. God calls on His believers to verify every piece of information they see, hear or read:

    ﻭَﻻَ ﺗَﻘْﻒُ ﻣَﺎ ﻟَﻴْﺲَ ﻟَﻚَ ﺑِﻪِ ﻋِﻠْﻢٌ ﺇِﻥَّ ﺍﻟﺴَّﻤْﻊَ ﻭَﺍﻟْﺒَﺼَﺮَ ﻭَﺍﻟْﻔُﺆَﺍﺩَ ﻛُﻞُّ ﺃُﻭﻟﺌِﻚَ ﻛَﺎﻥَ ﻋَﻨْﻪُ ﻣَﺴْﺆُﻭﻻً
    [Surat Al-‘Isra’ 17:36] And do not follow a thing about which you have no knowledge. Surely, the ear, the eye and the heart – each one of them shall be interrogated about (on the Day of Reckoning).

Accepting orders from anybody but God means idolworship. That is how serious the matter of hijab is. Women who wear the hijab because of tradition or because they like it for personal reasons commit no sin, as long as they know that it is not part of this religion. Those who are wearing it because they think God ordered it due to the words of the scholars, are committing idolworship, because they heed the words of a scholar blindly instead of verifying information for themselves.

God never put any hardship on the believers, but the scholars did. They invented their own laws and associate them with God to regulate everything, from the side of bed you sleep on, to which foot should step in the house etc.

    ﻻَ ﺇِﻛْﺮَﺍﻩَ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺪِّﻳﻦِ ﻗَﺪ ﺗَّﺒَﻴَّﻦَ ﺍﻟﺮُّﺷْﺪُ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟْﻐَﻲِّ ﻓَﻤَﻦْ ﻳَﻜْﻔُﺮْ ﺑِﺎﻟﻄَّﺎﻏُﻮﺕِ ﻭَﻳُﺆْﻣِﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠّﻪِ ﻓَﻘَﺪِ ﺍﺳْﺘَﻤْﺴَﻚَ ﺑِﺎﻟْﻌُﺮْﻭَﺓِ ﺍﻟْﻮُﺛْﻘَﻰَ ﻻَ ﺍﻧﻔِﺼَﺎﻡَ ﻟَﻬَﺎ ﻭَﺍﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺳَﻤِﻴﻊٌ ﻋَﻠِﻴﻢٌ
    [Surat Al-Baqarah 2:256] Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.

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In conclusion, God has given us the 3 basic rules for dress code of women in Islam.

    1. The best garment is the garment of righteousness
    2. Whenever you dress, be sure to cover your bosoms
    3. Lengthen your garment

While these basic rules may sound vague and not enough for those, true believers know that God is enough. God could have given us more details to the point of having graphs, designs and color rules, but He, the Most Merciful, gave us these very basic rules and leaves the rest for us to decide for ourselves.

After these three basic rules, every woman is more aware of her circumstances and can adjust her dress for her situation. Any addition to these basic Qur’anic rules is an attempt to correct God or improve on His merciful design.

I’m not against hijab. Who knows, I may even wear it someday. But when I wear it, I want it to be because of God, not because someone told me to. I have never been in favor of certain Islamic scholars in my country who force it upon others and use the name of God in their defense, while at the same time degrading non-hijabi women like second-class citizens. Even the Prophet (PBUH) couldn’t force his beloved uncle to embrace Islam.

It is hypocritical to judge the value and moral capacity of a woman based on her appearance or choice of religious practices. No one can be the judge of that but God. Always remember; God knows your intentions and the righteousness of your heart. Wallahualam.

Remember, something that is forced will create nothing but hatred and antipathy. I have always believed in letting someone take their time in embracing their religion, as not everyone grows up with the same kind of education and exposure. I have also always believed in doing something because of God, not because someone has forced you to. “Just do it, don’t question, or else you will go to Hell” has always seemed to me the worst excuse to give someone who is seeking for answers. Positive encouragement and sound advice has always been the key, yet many Islamic scholars are excessively intolerant towards people who share a different point of view than they do. There are many things in this world that God has made unsettled for us to ponder about, which is why it is always important to have the right niyyah (intentions) in everything we do.

Act with righteousness all the time, as God is acquainted with whatever you do. May God bless us with His mercy and guidance.

*****EDIT*****

Many people have been criticizing the fact that I have not referenced any hadith in this article. Some have even gone to great lengths such as calling me “anti-hadith” and that I am disregarding the words of the Prophet (PBUH). Such are extremely false claims, as I have never said to ignore the Prophet’s (PBUH) teachings. I am very aware of the importance of the Prophet’s (PBUH) words. I have stated in this article that what I have written is based off what I have learnt studying the Qur’an, which means I took my references from the Holy Book. My intention was not to distract people from hadith, but to concentrate on God’s words and to derive whether it is a ruling in God’s book.

Once again, I would like to explain that I am not claiming to be an expert on the matter, as I am still learning. I am also not claiming to be 100% correct, and I am not asking for people to abandon the hijab. The main purpose of this article was to show that there are some people who think that the hijab is not mandatory, and to explain why they feel this way. May God bless us with abundance of knowledge, guidance and mercy!

First and foremost, let us understand what is the meaning of hadith.

A ḥadīth (ﺣﺪﻳﺚ) is a saying or an act ascribed either validly or invalidly to the Prophet (PBUH). It refers to reports of statements or actions of Muhammad, or of his tacit approval or criticism of something said or done in his presence. Other associated words possess similar meanings including: khabar (news, information), which often refers to reports about Muhammad, but sometimes refers to traditions about his companions and their successors from the following generation; conversely, athar (trace, vestige) usually refers to traditions about the companions and successors, though sometimes connotes traditions about Muhammad. Hadith are regarded by traditional Islamic schools of jurisprudence as important tools for understanding the Qur’an and in matters of jurisprudence. Hadith were evaluated and gathered into large collections during the 8th and 9th centuries. These works are referred to in matters of Islamic law and history to this day. Clerics and jurists of all Islamic denominations classify individual hadith as sahih (authentic), hasan (good) and da’if (weak). However, different traditions within each denomination, and different scholars within each tradition, may differ as to which hadith should be included in which category. Some hadith even give contradicting directives to a single issue.

Hadith Qudsi (Sacred Hadith) is a sub-category of hadith which are sayings of the Prophet (PBUH). Muslims regard the Hadith Qudsi as the words of God, sent down as a revelation and repeated by the Prophet (PBUH) and recorded on the condition of an isnad.

What is an isnad?

The sanad, literally “support”, is named due to the reliance in determining the authenticity or weakness of a hadith. The isnad consists of a chronological list of the narrators, each mentioning the one from whom they heard the hadith, until mentioning the originator of the matn (text of hadith) along with the matn itself. The first people to hear hadith were the companions who preserved it and then conveyed it to those after them. Then the generation following them received it, thus conveying it to those after them and so on. So a companion would say, “I heard the Prophet (PBUH) say such and such.” The Follower would then say, “I heard a companion say, ‘I heard the Prophet (PBUH).'” The one after him would then say, “I heard someone say, ‘I heard a Companion say, ‘I heard the Prophet (PBUH) say…” and so on. Many hadiths have been fabricated and tweaked as the amount of narrators increase considering it is spread by word of mouth, and falsely associated with the Prophet (PBUH). An important discipline within hadith studies is “Ilm ar-Rijal”, or biographical evaluation. It relates to the detailed study of the narrators who make up the sanad.

From the above explanation, we understand that:

    1. Hadith are revelations repeated by the Prophet (PBUH) and eventually narrated by different people.
    2. Different schools of thought categorize different hadith differently.
    3. The isnad and Ilm ar-Rijal is important as it plays a part in the authenticity of a hadith.
    4. There are some hadiths that speak differently on the same issue.

Back to the topic of hijab, there are hadith that also address women and men dress code. The most oft-quoted hadith attributed to the Prophet (PBUH) is:

Aisha said, “Asma, daughter of Abu Bakr (that is, Aisha’s sister), entered upon the Apostle of God (PBUH) wearing thin clothes. The Apostle of God turned his attention from her and said, “O Asma, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, it does not suit her except that she displays parts of her body except this and this,” and he pointed to her face and hands. Abu Dawud (no. 4095)

This hadith is found only in the hadith collection of Abu Dawud. According to Abu Dawud, it is considered weak because the narrator who transmitted it from Aisha is not known (mursal).

From the book “Hijab” by Abdul Aziz Addwesh, Abu Dawud reported:

“Yaqoub bin Ka’ab Al-Antaki and Mua’amal bin Al-Faddil Al-Harrany informed me that Al Walid informed them, he reported from Sa’ied bin Basheer, he reported from Qatadah, he reported from Khalid bin Duraik he reported that Aisha said…”

As we can see, the isnad of the hadith above consists of a great quantity of narrators. Khalid bin Duraik, who received this hadith from Aisha, is a person not known by many in the world of hadith experts. This is critical as Ilm ar-Rijal of the narrators are important in determining a hadith’s authenticity. Khalid did not hear this hadith directly from Aisha, because he never met her, so the narration cannot be accepted. The passing-down of this hadith contains three possibilities:

    1. First, Khalid received the hadith from a person other than Aisha, and for some reason claimed it was from Aisyah. In this case, he would be considered dishonest. Dishonesty rules out the narration of a hadith.
    2. Second, he forgot from whom he heard the hadith, so that he unintentionally attributed it to Aisha. In this situation it is also not appropriate to narrate the hadith, because he is forgetful.
    3. Third, he wrote the hadith himself, then claimed it was from Aisha. This one is fatal, because the hadith would be considered false and must be categorically rejected.

Based on the interpretation and understanding of the above hadith, most scholars have determined that hijab is a religious obligation. The notion of ijma’a, or consensus of scholars and or schools of thought, is a well-established component of Islamic jurisprudence from which numerous laws have been derived. Needless to say, determining exactly which scholars and which opinions qualify as “consensus” is not without controversy, a topic that still causes discourse among Muslims today.

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The picture above shows an article written by Sheikh Mustafa Mohamed Rashid and published in Rosa-Al-Youssef magazine in 2009, declaring whereby the veil is not an Islamic requirement.

The World Muslim Congress blog translated Rashid’s article on which his thesis was based:

In his thesis, Rashid stated that hijab is not an Islamic requirement (fard), and that the interpretation (tafseer) of the verses (ayat) and the circumstances during which they appeared had led to the widespread misunderstanding about the so-called ‘Islamic Hijab’, denoting covering the head, of which there is absolutely no mention in the Quran.

Yet some have misconstrued the intent and correct interpretation of the Sharia, refusing the logic and sequence of its appearance, abandoning the proper methods of citing and interpreting of the
verses (ayat), their historical background and reason for them. They have done so either intentionally, or with good intention but with lack of the essential analytical savvy.

This hijab issue imposed itself on the Islamic and non-Islamic psyche, and thus becoming the defining factor, meaning, and nature of the Islamic faith to non-Muslims, which led some non-Islamic nations to consider it a divisive political statement. In consequence to the
resulting friction, some female students have been expelled from universities and jobs, only due to their adherence to this false belief, thereby attaching to Islam a non existent requirement.

So inconsistent and misguided have the proofs of the supporters of the hijab theory been, that it would sometimes take the form of khimar or jalabeeb, which distanced them from what they meant by head cover, which is indicative of their restrictive set of mind.

‘Hijab’ was mentioned in verse (ayah) 53 of Al Ahzab, where it signifies ‘wall’ or ‘what prevents view’ and it was in regards to pure “ummuhat al mo’mineen” where a “hajib” is to be placed between them and any men.

As for verse (ayah) 31 of Al Khimar – Sourrat al Noor, that is also a redundant claim, as the intent here is the cover of the breast and neck – the background here is the covering of the breast whose exposure is un-Islamic, and not what is now understood by hijab for the head.

And in regards to the historical background of verse (ayah) 59 of Sourrat al Ahzab was to distinguish between the pure and the promiscuous whores and slaves.

Finally, in the mis-use of the Hadith about Asma’a, daughter of Abu Bakr, when she walked in on the prophet (pbuh)s gathering, and he ordered her to not expose her face or palms – this Hadith is not a binding Hadith, as it is one of al AHaad and not one of the consistent, or the connected confirmed.

The argument that the veil is not an Islamic requirement is not new. It had been previously discussed by scholars, but views from secular scholars are always discredited. This was the first time that a religious scholar from Al-Azhar openly discussed it. It caught the attention of the readers and created a controversy between those who believe in it and those who don’t. The battle that has been going on for a while.

Indeed covering the head is part of many cultures and women are free to choose whatever dress is suitable for their traditions and circumstances in which they are living in. However, it is not correct to enforce it on women. Women should not be threatened to wear it, religious obligation or not.

I hope my article has been received with open hearts and this topic is always open for a healthy discussion. This article is not meant to ridicule the hijab, but rather to share a different point of view. I hope this article has helped some in expanding their thoughts and realize the vast opinions amongst Muslims. Only God knows best, so always act with good intentions, as God ks acquainted with whatever we do. Wallahualam. May we all continue to seek knowledge, and may God bless us greatly.

*****EDIT*****

First and foremost, I would like to clarify that even though this article holds opinions regards to the hijab not being an obligation, I have not stated anywhere in my article that covering the awrah is not mandatory. This is an extremely dangerous misinterpretation of words. Covering your awrah is by all means an Islamic requirement, so as to be modest and not expose too much of yourself, but what a lot of people fail to realize is the different consensus as to what constitutes to awrah. This article is written based off the interpretation by some scholars that a woman’s hair is not considered awrah. Let us first begin by understanding the meaning of “awrah”.

In Arabic, the term “awrah” (ﻋﻮﺭﺓ) derives from the root “a-w-r” which means “defectiveness”, “imperfection”, “blemish” or “weakness”. However, the most common English translation is “nakedness”. Is a woman’s hair considered her nakedness? Let us analyze the Qur’an for answers.

The word awrah is mentioned only in three verses in the Qur’an:

ﻭَﻗُﻞ ﻟِّﻠْﻤُﺆْﻣِﻨَﺎﺕِ ﻳَﻐْﻀُﻀْﻦَ ﻣِﻦْ ﺃَﺑْﺼَﺎﺭِﻫِﻦَّ ﻭَﻳَﺤْﻔَﻈْﻦَ ﻓُﺮُﻭﺟَﻬُﻦَّ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳُﺒْﺪِﻳﻦَ ﺯِﻳﻨَﺘَﻬُﻦَّ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻣَﺎ ﻇَﻬَﺮَ ﻣِﻨْﻬَﺎ ﻭَﻟْﻴَﻀْﺮِﺑْﻦَ ﺑِﺨُﻤُﺮِﻫِﻦَّ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺟُﻴُﻮﺑِﻬِﻦَّ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳُﺒْﺪِﻳﻦَ ﺯِﻳﻨَﺘَﻬُﻦَّ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻟِﺒُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺁﺑَﺎﺋِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺁﺑَﺎﺀ ﺑُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺃَﺑْﻨَﺎﺋِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺃَﺑْﻨَﺎﺀ ﺑُﻌُﻮﻟَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺇِﺧْﻮَﺍﻧِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺑَﻨِﻲ ﺇِﺧْﻮَﺍﻧِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﺑَﻨِﻲ ﺃَﺧَﻮَﺍﺗِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﻧِﺴَﺎﺋِﻬِﻦَّ ﺃَﻭْ ﻣَﺎ ﻣَﻠَﻜَﺖْ ﺃَﻳْﻤَﺎﻧُﻬُﻦَّ ﺃَﻭِ ﺍﻟﺘَّﺎﺑِﻌِﻴﻦَ ﻏَﻴْﺮِ ﺃُﻭْﻟِﻲ ﺍﻟْﺈِﺭْﺑَﺔِ ﻣِﻦَ ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟَﺎﻝِ ﺃَﻭِ ﺍﻟﻄِّﻔْﻞِ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﻈْﻬَﺮُﻭﺍ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﻋَﻮْﺭَﺍﺕِ ﺍﻟﻨِّﺴَﺎﺀ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻳَﻀْﺮِﺑْﻦَ ﺑِﺄَﺭْﺟُﻠِﻬِﻦَّ ﻟِﻴُﻌْﻠَﻢَ ﻣَﺎ ﻳُﺨْﻔِﻴﻦَ ﻣِﻦ ﺯِﻳﻨَﺘِﻬِﻦَّ ﻭَﺗُﻮﺑُﻮﺍ ﺇِﻟَﻰ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪِ ﺟَﻤِﻴﻌًﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟْﻤُﺆْﻣِﻨُﻮﻥَ ﻟَﻌَﻠَّﻜُﻢْ ﺗُﻔْﻠِﺤُﻮﻥَ
[Surat An-Nur 24:31] And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their chastity; that they should not display their beauty except what appears thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband’s fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no knowledge of women’s nakedness (aw al tifli allazheena lam yaz-haroo ala awrati al-nnisa-i); and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards God, that ye may attain Bliss.

In 24:31, the awrah refers to women’s nakedness.

ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﻳُّﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﺁﻣَﻨُﻮﺍ ﻟِﻴَﺴْﺘَﺄْﺫِﻧﻜُﻢُ ﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻣَﻠَﻜَﺖْ ﺃَﻳْﻤَﺎﻧُﻜُﻢْ ﻭَﺍﻟَّﺬِﻳﻦَ ﻟَﻢْ ﻳَﺒْﻠُﻐُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟْﺤُﻠُﻢَ ﻣِﻨﻜُﻢْ ﺛَﻠَﺎﺙَ ﻣَﺮَّﺍﺕٍ ﻣِﻦ ﻗَﺒْﻞِ ﺻَﻠَﺎﺓِ ﺍﻟْﻔَﺠْﺮِ ﻭَﺣِﻴﻦَ ﺗَﻀَﻌُﻮﻥَ ﺛِﻴَﺎﺑَﻜُﻢ ﻣِّﻦَ ﺍﻟﻈَّﻬِﻴﺮَﺓِ ﻭَﻣِﻦ ﺑَﻌْﺪِ ﺻَﻠَﺎﺓِ ﺍﻟْﻌِﺸَﺎﺀ ﺛَﻠَﺎﺙُ ﻋَﻮْﺭَﺍﺕٍ ﻟَّﻜُﻢْ ﻟَﻴْﺲَ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻜُﻢْ ﻭَﻟَﺎ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻬِﻢْ ﺟُﻨَﺎﺡٌ ﺑَﻌْﺪَﻫُﻦَّ ﻃَﻮَّﺍﻓُﻮﻥَ ﻋَﻠَﻴْﻜُﻢ ﺑَﻌْﻀُﻜُﻢْ ﻋَﻠَﻰ ﺑَﻌْﺾٍ ﻛَﺬَﻟِﻚَ ﻳُﺒَﻴِّﻦُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟَﻜُﻢُ ﺍﻟْﺂﻳَﺎﺕِ ﻭَﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻋَﻠِﻴﻢٌ ﺣَﻜِﻴﻢٌ
[Surat An-Nur 24:58] O ye who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while ye doff your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three times of undress (thalaathu awraatin lakum): outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about attending to each other: Thus does God make clear the Signs to you: for God is full of knowledge and wisdom.

In 24:58, it speaks of etiquette whereby children must ask permission first before entering their parents’ private quarters at the three times in a day when parents are most likely to be in a state of undress.

ﻭَﺇِﺫْ ﻗَﺎﻟَﺖ ﻃَّﺎﺋِﻔَﺔٌ ﻣِّﻨْﻬُﻢْ ﻳَﺎ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﻳَﺜْﺮِﺏَ ﻟَﺎ ﻣُﻘَﺎﻡَ ﻟَﻜُﻢْ ﻓَﺎﺭْﺟِﻌُﻮﺍ ﻭَﻳَﺴْﺘَﺄْﺫِﻥُ ﻓَﺮِﻳﻖٌ ﻣِّﻨْﻬُﻢُ ﺍﻟﻨَّﺒِﻲَّ ﻳَﻘُﻮﻟُﻮﻥَ ﺇِﻥَّ ﺑُﻴُﻮﺗَﻨَﺎ ﻋَﻮْﺭَﺓٌ ﻭَﻣَﺎ ﻫِﻲَ ﺑِﻌَﻮْﺭَﺓٍ ﺇِﻥ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُﻭﻥَ ﺇِﻟَّﺎ ﻓِﺮَﺍﺭًﺍ
[Surat Al-‘Azhab 33:13] Behold! A party among them said: “Ye men of Yathrib! ye cannot stand (the attack)! therefore go back!” And a band of them ask for leave of the Prophet, saying, “Truly our houses are bare and exposed (inna buyootana awraatun)” though they were not exposed (wa maa hiya bi awraatin) they intended nothing but to run away.

In 33:13, some people were looking for an excuse not to help the Prophet (PBUH) by saying that their houses are “exposed” (vulnerable) and they want to stay and protect their own houses. But their houses were not exposed, and it was just an excuse to flee the scene.

From the above verses, awrah in the Qur’an means nakedness, exposing the private parts, or being vulnerable. There is no mention anywhere in the Qur’an that a woman’s hair is her nakedness or her awrah.

The only hair that is mentioned in the Qur’an refers to animal hair:

ﻭَﺍﻟﻠّﻪُ ﺟَﻌَﻞَ ﻟَﻜُﻢ ﻣِّﻦ ﺑُﻴُﻮﺗِﻜُﻢْ ﺳَﻜَﻨًﺎ ﻭَﺟَﻌَﻞَ ﻟَﻜُﻢ ﻣِّﻦ ﺟُﻠُﻮﺩِ ﺍﻷَﻧْﻌَﺎﻡِ ﺑُﻴُﻮﺗًﺎ ﺗَﺴْﺘَﺨِﻔُّﻮﻧَﻬَﺎ ﻳَﻮْﻡَ ﻇَﻌْﻨِﻜُﻢْ ﻭَﻳَﻮْﻡَ ﺇِﻗَﺎﻣَﺘِﻜُﻢْ ﻭَﻣِﻦْ ﺃَﺻْﻮَﺍﻓِﻬَﺎ ﻭَﺃَﻭْﺑَﺎﺭِﻫَﺎ ﻭَﺃَﺷْﻌَﺎﺭِﻫَﺎ ﺃَﺛَﺎﺛًﺎ ﻭَﻣَﺘَﺎﻋًﺎ ﺇِﻟَﻰ ﺣِﻴﻦٍ
[Surat An-Nahl 16:80] “It is God Who made your habitations homes of rest and quiet for you; and made for you, out of the skins of animals, (tents for) dwellings, which ye find so light (and handy) when ye travel and when ye stop (in your travels); and out of their wool, and their soft fibres, and their hair (ash’aa-ri), rich stuff and articles of convenience (to serve you) for a time.

This is the only mention of hair in the Qur’an. It refers to animal hair that is used to make useful stuff like coats, gloves, rugs and so on. There is absolutely no mention of human hair in the Qur’an. There is no mention of woman’s hair in the Qur’an. There is certainly no mention of woman’s hair as awrah in the Qur’an.

That being said, many people have asked “If covering of the hair is not mandatory, then why are women obliged to cover up during prayer?”

I had always seen this as common sense, whereby daily activities and acts of worship are different. To remember God in every waking minute is good, but when it comes to establishing prayer, different precautions have to be made. In establishing prayer, it is important to ensure that you are ritually pure. Our daily activities expose us to uncleanliness, which is the reason why we take wudhu before prayer. This is to “cleanse” us. Women covering up during prayer can be taken metaphorically as them “veiling” from worldly signs, to avoid distracting men (when praying in groups) when they prostate to God.

Even in prayer, we are advised to look down, not left or right, so that we can keep focus on God and God alone. Salat is an important ritual in Islam and I think it is only logic that you would want to feel pure before prostating to God. Someone told me “If you can’t pray in what you wear, then there’s something wrong with your definition of awrah.” In the country where I am from, the dress code for prayers for Muslim women is called the “telekung”. With all due respect, if what the person told me was true, then there would be Muslim women walking around in their telekung right now. However, as I have always mentioned, this is only my opinion on the matter. At the end of the day, only God knows best.

I have been told numerous times that when it comes to awrah, we should look to hadith as a reference, the same way we have done to know ways on how to pray (which is another topic altogether, because each denomination of Islam have different ways of praying though these differences are minor, and it still depends on which hadith they follow). However, I have not found one hadith from the Prophet (PBUH) saying that he received a revelation from God that women are obliged to cover their hair or that he should enforce the believing women to cover their head. A lot of the narrations I have read were of Aisha, who explained that they covered their face in front of men. If people adhered to hadith, then why is niqab a choice and not mandatory? Wallahualam.

Besides the hadith that I had previously explained, this is another hadith about women’s hair:

Imam Dhahabi (r) in his “Book of Major Sins” has narrated the following Hadith : Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “1 came to the Prophet accompanied with Fatimah but We noticed him weeping vehemently. I said, “I sacrifice you with my father and mother, Messenger of Allah. Why do you weep?” He said, “O Ali, in the night Journey (Isra) when I was taken up to the sky, I saw some women of my nation suffering some types of torture. Therefore, I wept because of their sever tortures. I saw a woman who was hanging from her hair and her brain was boiling. Another Woman was hanging from her tongue and a boiling fluid was being poured into her mouth. Another woman whose legs were tied to her breasts and her hands to her forehead and another who was hanging from her breasts. Another whose head was like a pig’s and body like a donkey and suffered million types of torture, and another woman who had the shape of a dog while the fire pierced her month until it left her body from the anus and the angels were also Scourging her with lashes of fire. Upon hearing that, Fatimah asked. O darling and the pleasure of my eyes, what were they doing to Suffer such torture? Then the Prophet said; O daughter, as for the woman who was hanged from hair, she would not cover her hair from men. The woman who was hanged from her tongue used to bring harm to her husband; the one who was hanged from her breasts cumulated her husband’s bed. The woman whose legs were tied to her breasts and hands to forehead and suffering from serpents and scorpions would not clean her body from major impurity or menstruation, and neglected prayer. The woman whose head was like a pig’s and had a donkey’s body was a talebearer and lair. As for the last one, she used to remind recipients of her charity to them and was envious. O daughter, woe to her who disobeys her husband.”

As I have explained above, the authenticity of a hadith is extremely important, however I have not yet found any studies regarding this hadith, so we are unsure if this is hadith qudsi. It is also not included in any of the Kutub Al-Sittah. If anyone were to find information regarding the authenticity of this hadith, do comment below and share.

There has also been claims that there is a hadith saying that 1 strand of women’s hair exposed is equivalent to 70,000 years in Hell. I have not found this hadith as well, and again, if someone has information, sources and authentic data of this hadith, please share.

Again, as I have mentioned, the purpose of this article is not to prove the irrelevance of the hijab, but rather to show that there are people who think it is not compulsory, and why they think so. Everything written in this article is subjected to individual interpretations done by scholars, hadith experts and classic Arabic speakers. I, on my own, would not have dared to make my own facts as I am aware that I have much to learn. We, as Muslims, are continually learning about our religion, and different opinions will always be brought up, especially with the different ideologies of denominations and their own set of followed hadith. A wise man once told me “If the hijab and covering of hair is a clear-cut rule in Islam, there would be no questions about it today.” (Like for example, how it is clearly stated in the Bible that women should cover their head, but the Qur’an emphasizes on the bosoms)

One thing for sure, the obligation of the hijab is a debate that will probably never cease. Once more, I would like to say that I am not claiming to be correct, as only God knows best. This is merely a different point of view and an alternate possibility.

I hope this article did not offend anyone, as that is not its intention at all. God knows best, and He knows if you’re striving for Him. Act with righteousness in whatever you do, as God is All-Knower. Wallahualam. With this final edit, I would like to extend a million thanks to those who took time out of their day to read my article. It means a lot to me. May God bless us with His guidance and mercy, and may we all be led into His path!

181 comments on “Hijab: Compulsion or choice?

    • sfqomhz
      July 13, 2013

      Very wonderful post, alhamdulillah she reverted🙂 May God bless her with guidance!

    • hilfans
      July 16, 2015

      alhamdulillah, barakallah..

    • KL Fong
      August 28, 2016

      I have read quite a few of yr articles. I have great admiration for you., even tough
      I do not agree to some of your views. I wish, one day, I can just spend 1 hr to
      know you better, including yr family.

  1. Anonymous
    July 12, 2013

    Can I ask you something? Do you use Hadith as your references?

    • sfqomhz
      July 13, 2013

      It depends, but I always depend more on the legitimacy of the Qur’an🙂

  2. TERRY TAALIB-DIN
    July 13, 2013

    Al hamdullah, wonderful article, I can recall the late imam W Deen Mohammed teaching on this and it is very gratifying to have it confirmed in an most excellent and scholarly fashion. May Allah continue to bless you with such insights.

  3. Anonymous
    July 13, 2013

    You do know that Quran and Hadith go side by side, don’t you?

    • sfqomhz
      July 14, 2013

      Hadith was not something that God had told the Prophet (PBUH) to decree to us. The Prophet (PBUH) was the Messenger of the Qur’an, not the hadith. Hadith are words passed down by the Messenger or his companions, and God has already stated in the Qur’an that what else other than the Qur’an will we believe in? Even the Prophet (PBUH) could not make his own laws. When he tried, God admonished publicly in the Qur’an. There are some hadith saying that dogs are haram, and there are some saying it is not. So which one will you believe, if not to abide by the Qur’an and verify for yourself? People will have different opinions over everything, which is why it is ALWAYS important to do things with the right niyyah. Besides, which hadith you choose to follow still depends on the mazhab or denominations you are in Islam. Not everyone follows the same hadith🙂

      • Anonymous
        July 18, 2015

        Glad that you still follow the hadith

  4. Najib Abd Halim
    July 15, 2013

    If you push Hadith aside, im said sorry for this article’s writer. Tafsir Ayat with just a compound of knowledge is not either being considered as a acceptance amongs the scholar. To tafsir 1 ayat from Quran, you need almost 20 of Basic Knowledges. And to the way you write it, you use many of Aql to takwil. It is not being considered as Aulaa or higher methode on Tafsir. It must follow the Rank or methode that is considered as The Best. Sorry for this comment. I just trying to tell something that i learn from my studies.

    • sfqomhz
      July 15, 2013

      Thank you for your input🙂 I guess everyone interprets things differently, but I’m assuming you know how to tafsir an ayat the correct way? Please do enlighten me about your views on the different ayats that I have used in this article🙂 I’d love to know!

    • Hajuri
      March 11, 2016

      Najib,

      Why do ‘ustaz’ still deny or hide that Quran never mention hair?

      And some even throw in fake hadith.

      Can we still believe them?

      I suspect you memorize but hardly think.

  5. Najib Abd Halim
    July 16, 2013

    Sure why not? But to be honest, im still not qualified on tafsir Ayat. As i mentioned, just to be a mufassir ( someone that qualified on tafsir ) need many Basic Knowledge e.g mastered in Arabic language ( Nahu wa Sorof ), mastered in Sababun Nuzul, mastered in Sababun Urud, mastered in Usul Fiqh, mastered in Khilaf Ulama etc. I can use the same ayat for example. Oh and of course i will take it from scholar since their qualification are more than me and you.

    *Noted, i will post it InsyaAllah. but time is need to give way for my classes thanks

    • sfqomhz
      July 16, 2013

      Thank you🙂 I appreciate the effort! Just a reminder though, that not everyone shares the same opinion, and just because you don’t agree with me does not make you right, and just because I don’t agree with you does not make me right🙂 Even different scholars have different consensus🙂 But Wallahualam! May Allah guide us to His blessed path! Looking forward to your explanation🙂

  6. 15
    July 17, 2013

    Salam kak, i have a question to ask. So based on your article, the head veil is not compulsory? Does that mean our aurah doesnt include the hair and basically the whole head? Why do we wear the telekung during praying if the head is not compulsory to cover? Hope you can enlighten me. Thanks =)

    • sfqomhz
      July 18, 2013

      I am not in the position to answer this, as I do not know the definite answer. But I personally believe that during salat, we must be in a ritually pure state. Both women AND men are obliged to cover up when they prostate to God, and during salat, we are asked to gaze down instead of ahead, nor left or right, in order to avoid distractions, possibly making us take our mind of God, losing khusyuk, and making us ritually impure.

      Acts of worshipping and our daily movements are different. Salat is an act in which we connect with God, and it is important for us to be pure during this process, for example, women menstruating should not pray. For me, we have to cover up during salat as a sign of “veiling” ourselves from signs of worldly life and put our focus on God, and God alone. But then again, this is just my opinion🙂 Only Allah knows best! Wallahualam🙂

      • waz
        October 18, 2014

        Innasolati wanusuki, Wamahyaya wamamati, lillahirabbilalamin. You read this evrytime u solat.. Doesnt this contradict with your statement “Acts of worshipping and our daily movements are different”… life is ibadah, dear…ibadah is life. Please. With this article, more sisters will use it as a support for them not covering…that’s a lot of responsibility for u to handle.

        U can use other things to cover ur beauty.. but the main point is just: cover up..flaunting ‘what u have’ isnt modesty. Example: that pic uptop..?

        Ps. This is a good discussion btw.

  7. anonymous
    July 22, 2013

    Are you in mazhab syafie? Because in mazhab syafie we depend on both quran and hadith. There’s a way to identify true hadith and i hope you will study more on that rather than making your own translation of what God is saying. This is not even the first time I have seen people using their own way to translate al-quran. there’s even an ulamak that claims old women do not have to wear tudungs just because it doesn’t menaikkan nafsu people who look at it. When in reality, you never really know how people feels when looking at you or just had a glimpse of you.

    • sfqomhz
      July 22, 2013

      I am not saying I disregard the hadith entirely, I am just saying that not ALL hadiths are in agreement to each other, so it DEPENDS which hadith you’re following. There many different layers to a hadith, so it’s important to determine its “kesahihan”. That much I already know about hadith.

      I was born as a Shafi’i due to the mentality of my surroundings (Singapore and Malaysia), with the guidance of a Sufi father. But now I’d rather learn about the different Islamic denominations first rather than jump to a conclusion. (My father was a born Shafi’i too and gradually became a Sufi only around 2 years ago. He had no idea he was a Sufi until he was told by a friend. Wallahualam.)

      I have placed a disclaimer right in the beginning of this post that everything that I have written in this article was taught to me the way I was brought up and what I have learnt studying the Qur’an, through certain scholars and articles I’ve read. So to say I’m using “my own way” to translate the Qur’an is a bit misguided, no?

      And about what the ulamak said, I understand where he is coming from. “[Quran 24:60] The elderly women who do not expect to get married commit nothing wrong by relaxing their dress code, provided they do not reveal too much of their bodies. To maintain modesty is better for them. God is Hearer, Knower.” Wallahualam🙂

      People will ALWAYS have different opinions. The same way the ulamak had his opinions, and you with yours.

      As I’ve always said, when views clash, always do good and act with the right intentions, as God is acquainted with whatever you do. I cannot stress enough how important niyyah is. Time and time again God has mentioned in the Qur’an that he is All-Knowing and to always act with righteousness. May God bless us with his guidance and mercy, inshallah🙂

  8. Sammy Burns
    July 24, 2013

    1 Corinthians 11 (Bible New International Version)

    On Covering the Head in Worship

    11 1-6

    1 Follow my example, as I follow the example of Christ. 2 I praise you for remembering me in everything and for holding to the traditions just as I passed them on to you. 3 But I want you to realize that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man,[a] and the head of Christ is God. 4 Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonors his head. 5 But every woman who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head—it is the same as having her head shaved. 6 For if a woman does not cover her head, she might as well have her hair cut off; but if it is a disgrace for a woman to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, then she should cover her head.

    There is no covering the head for women or men in the Quran. Covering the head is found in the Bible. The Bible precedes the Quran.

    The people say that there is such a thing as Hadis Qudsi and also Hadis Mutawattir. Hadis Qudsi is said to be th unrevealed verses of the Quran. Hadis Mutawatir (tawaatur) is said to be hadis with multiple sources. The problem is exactly how many Hadis Qudsi and Hadis Tawatur are there>

    Scholars argue about this. Some say there are 22 hadis qudsi. Some say 2 only.

    Scholars argue about hadis tawatur (mutawatir) too. Some say there are 40 tawatur hadis. Some say 200. Some say only 2. So it is anybody’s guess.

    Here is something more relevant. They say that hadith explains the Quran. After 1400 years no one can point out which verse in the Quran CANNOT be understood WITHOUT the hadith.

    In the Sahih Bukhari itself (Volume 6 Tafseer Al Quran), it is written that there are NO HADITh to explain 28 surahs of the Quran.

    So the idea that the hadith explains the Quran is not correct.

    Finally there is no evidence that the Sahih Bukhari was written by Imam Bukhari. To our knowledge the final version (there are many versions) of the Sahih Bukhari was compiled and edited by Ibnu hajar Al Askalani in Cairo in the 16th century AD.

    Sammy Burns.

  9. Anonymous
    July 24, 2013

    Some of the commenters here put it as if Quran is a very complicated book only a select few can understand.

  10. norman
    July 24, 2013

    As a Christian may I congratulate on your well researched and well articulated blog-post. Ignore the critics for you are only answerable to God and as you many times in great humility always invoke Only Allah knows best. Yes that would also mean Allah can see through the piety of one. Those wearing and not wearing tudung for Allah knows best who among the two is the pious one.

    Once again well down and thank you for the pleasure I had in reading an intellectual articulated article..

  11. SQB
    July 24, 2013

    Shafiqah, interesting article. I also sent you a message on FB.

    I suggest you ignore the person above.

    These people will tell you that we normal people can’t read the Quran and all that. Who are they to tell us that? Last time I checked, they are not Rasulullah nor God Himself?

    The Quran is for everyone. If I want, I can read it in Malay or English. My choice. Islam has no clergy nor no “experts”.

    Also, last time I checked, all these mazhab and sects that we have is due to different interpretations of hadith, NOT Quran. They can follow Malik, Hanbali or Hanafi but I follow Rasulullah’s message (the one from God): the Quran.

  12. hoqni
    July 24, 2013

    Writes and comments should moderate themselves with this – We do not walk on water – and we do not own the truth. The Quran does. As long as discussion is for pleasure of Allah, we are fine.

  13. Anonymous
    July 24, 2013

    Dear Shafiqah,

    As always there will be some people out there who thought we are not worthy to understand the Quran..all the rubbish saying u need to have whatever 20 skills and such.. this type of people obviously do not believe in Quran. Surah Al-Qamar stated THREE times that Quran is made easy for remembrance/understand.. i wonder what type of muslim who did not believe in Quran and prefer fairy tales… Kudos for your articles.. nicely researched and written..

    Lara

  14. Anonymous
    July 24, 2013

    reasons why Muslims should follow
    the Quran and nothing but the Quran

    1- The Quran commands all Muslims to follow the Quran Alone, this command is found in numerous verses, the following are examples:

    “These are God’s revelations that We recite to you truthfully. In which Hadith other than God and His revelations do they believe?” 45:6

    “Shall I seek other than God as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed?” 6:114

    “This scripture (Quran) has been revealed to you – you shall not harbor doubt about it in your heart – that you may warn with it, and to provide a reminder for the believers. You shall all follow what is revealed to you from your Lord; do not follow any idols besides Him. Rarely do you take heed.” 7:2-3

    2- The word “sunna” which is used in the Quran, means the way of doing things or methodology. Millions of Muslims today have been brought up to believe that all Muslims should follow the Quran and also the Sunna of the prophet Muhammad.

    However, the Quran confirms that the only Sunna is the Sunna of God. No where in the Quran is there any mention of a Sunna for Muhammad!!!!

    “You will find that the Sunna of Allah is the only Sunna” (33:62….35:43…..48:23)

    3- The Quran confirms that the only duty of Muhammad (or of any messenger) is to deliver God”s message, and not to teach any other teachings.

    “The only duty of the messenger is to deliver God”s message” 5:99 (also in 5:92…. 16:35…….16:82…..24:54…….29:18…..42:48…….64:12)

    4- God commands the believers to obey God and obey the messenger, but God also makes sure that the obedience to the messenger is linked to obeying the message he delivered and nothing else. Obeying the messenger does not mean that he had a Sunna to be obeyed.

    The confirmation that the obedience of the messenger is linked to obeying the message he delivered (the Quran) is confirmed in the following verse:

    “Obey God and obey the messenger. If you shall turn away then the sole duty of the messenger is to deliver the message (the Quran)” 64:12

    Note how the obedience to the messenger and the deliverance of the Quran are linked in the same verse.

    5- You will never read any where in the Quran words like “Obey God and obey Muhammad” or obey Jesus, or Moses……….always the word messenger……..that is to emphasise that what is to be obeyed is the message of God and not the personal words of any messenger.

    6- The Quran also confirms that Muhammad was commanded not to teach any other teachings, otherwise he would incur severe punishment from God:

    “It (the Quran) is a revelation from the Lord of the universe. Had he (Muhammad) uttered any other teachings, We would have grabbed him by the right, and We would have severed his Wateen (Major artery of the heart), none of you could have helped him.” 69:43-47

    7- Muhammad was made to swear that the only revelation he received from God was the Quran. This exposes all the alleged revelation received by Muhammad from God independent of the Quran, and which is referred to as “Hadith Qudsy”.

    “Say (O Muhammad) what is of the greatest testimony? Say: God is the witness between me and you, and this Quran has been inspired to me, that I may warn you and whomever it reaches” 6:19

    If the hadith Al-Qudsy was truly God speaking to Muhammad as they falsely claim would’nt the Quran include confirmation of that?

    Nowhere in the Quran is there any indication that Muhammad received from God anything other than the Quran.

    8- Prophet Muhammad himself commanded his people not to write his hadith, this is documented in the collection of “Moslim” and other books:

    “Do not write down anything of me except the Quran. Whoever writes other than that should delete it” (Ahmed, Vol. 1, page 171…..also Sahih Moslim)

    9- For the first 150 years to 200 years after the death of the prophet, and in accordance to his commands, the writing of his hadith was forbidden. The first one to document a comprehensive collection of hadith was Al-Bukhari (Note that Al-Bukhari was born in the year 194 After Hijrah……….does that make you think ?? )

    Even if we were to follow the hadith, how accurate can a collection of sayings documented two centuries after the death of the prophet be?

    10- God commands the prophet in the Quran to say that he is infallible in the revelation he delivers, but that he may commit errors in his personal words and hadith:

    “Say: If I err, I err because of my shortcomings, and if I am rightly guided it is due to the revelation I receive from my Lord” 34:50

    In spite of this confirmation and also six incidents in the Quran where the prophet was reprimanded by God for errors he committed, still the ones who idolise the prophet claim that Muhammad was infallible! These six incidents are found in (8:67-68……9:43…….9:113-114…….. 33:37……….66:1………80:1-11 )

    11- The Quran confirms that for every prophet there will be enemies of the devils of humans and jinns who will fabricate fancy sayings (hadith) and attribute them to the prophet to deceive the people:

    “We have permitted the enemies of every prophet, human and jinn devils, to inspire in each other fancy sayings, in order to deceive” 6:112

    God also asserts that only the disbelievers will listen to such fabrications (see 6:113)

    12- Finally, we are told that the Quran is totally sufficient for the genuine believer for the following reasons:

    A- The Quran is not in need of an annex since it is complete:

    “The word of your Lord is complete in truth and justice” 6:115

    B- The Quran is not in need of an explanatory supplement since it is clear and is not ambiguous:

    “A.L.R. These are the signs of the clear book” 12:1

    “We have made it (the Quran) easy to understand and in your own tongue (language) may you take heed.” 44:58

    C- The Quran is not in need of a correction manual since it is perfect and harbours no contradictions:

    “A.L.R. This is a book whose verses have been perfected” 11:1

    D- The Quran is not in need of a step by step guide since it is fully detailed:

    “Shall I seek other than God as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed?” 6:114

    For all these reasons, all Muslims should follow the Quran, the whole Quran and nothing but the Quran.

    Praise God

  15. Fez
    July 24, 2013

    hijab is not compulsory, but covering ‘aurat’ is compulsory to both gender no matter what we are wearing. You can wear anything as long it is cover your ‘aurat’.

  16. Ahmad
    July 24, 2013

    Assalamualaikum,

    Apabila kita cuba faham satu2 perkataan kita kenalah faham sebagaimana orang pada zaman itu faham.

    Benar hijab maksudnya tabir ataupun halangan namun satu2 perkataan bertukar maksudnya mengikut zaman. Contohnya “hey man… that’s cool!” cool maksudnya sejuk tapi kita faham mengikut konteks zaman ini maksudnya hebat. Kalaulah zaman dulu kita cakap thats cool mesti semua orang ingat sejuk. Jadi hijab tak digunakan dalam al-quran sebab peredaran zaman tapi kita adopt perkataan tersebut dalam budaya kita. Namun intipatinya tidak berubah. Kita tetap faham maksudnya pakaian menutup aurat.

    Berkenaan perkataan khumur. Sama juga kesnya, guna kamus tapi tak tahu bagaimana orang pada zaman nabi faham perkataan khumur. Khumur maksudnya tutup kepala macam gambar dalam tu tak kisah lelaki atau perempuan. Begitulah orang zaman dahulu faham dan kita kena faham macam mana mereka faham bukan ikut nafsu kita zaman ini. Maka, wajiblah menutup kepala kalau berdasarkan kefahaman yang betul ini.

    Pasal surah an-nur tu artikel ini hanya fokus perihal khumur. Padahal ada ayat sebelum tu yang Allah s.w.t. menyuruh menutup seluruh badan kecuali yang terpaksa dibuka. ‘laa yubdeena zinatahunn’. Zinatahun ini sudah dibahas terpeinci oleh para ulama. Boleh rujuk tafsir ibn kathirhttp://www.qtafsir.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=2430&Itemid=79 .Tapi sebab nafsu yang memimpin maka kita cuba justify dan hanya melihat apa yang nafsu kita mahu. Bahkan, ayat itu bermaksud tutuplah semuanya lebih2 lagi bahagian dada. Jangan sampai nampak bentuk. Jadi, tudung pendek yang tidak menutup dada tidaklah syariah compliance. Dan Allah maha mengetahui itulah yang orang lelaki suka sangat tengok.

    Mempertikai hadis sama dengan mempertikai al-quran. Kerana Allah berfirman terjemahan maksudnya: dan tidaklah dia (s.a.w.) berkata-kata melainkan wahyu yang telah diwahyukan. An-Najm:3-4. Tapi benar sanad boleh dipertikai. Namun kalau sudah sahih hadis tersebut wajib diikuti.

    Nabi s.a.w. adalah maksum yakni terpelihara daripada melakukan maksiat. Maksum istilahnya tidak bermaksud yang nabi tidak membuat kesalahan. Tetapi maksudnya walaupun ada kesalahan pasti dibetulkan Allah s.w.t. Nabi s.a.w. juga adalah manusia yang paling sempurna sifat kemanusiaannya. Dan jika dia buat silap sempurnalah dia sebagai manusia. Tapi Allah tidak akan tertinggal membetulkan baginda s.a.w. jika ada kesilapan. Maka, terpeliharalah Nabi s.a.w. sepanjang zaman daripada sebarang kritikan.

    Jadi jangan keliru ye semua… wallahua’lam.

    • mimalifraya
      September 4, 2014

      Read introduction from that site please. They too are + – on their translation. They don’t even quote of whom those who did the translation. And the way they presented their translation, it is too naive. Perhaps you should check on who are behind those translation.

      Please reread sfqohmz’s article. You seen to be commenting as if you did not even read it.

      ~ Believer of the truth and only the truth.

  17. faez
    July 24, 2013

    MasyaAllah,a wonderful article but wrong direction.may Allah show the right path for all of us

  18. Anonymous
    July 24, 2013

    Kena ikut apa nabi cakap. Sebab ada bgtau dlm Quran.
    Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Taatlah kepada Allah dan RasulNya dan janganlah kamu berpaling daripadanya, sedang kamu mendengar (Al-Quran yang mewajibkan taatnya) AlAnfal :20

  19. hye
    July 24, 2013

    Satu kesilapan yg nyata ialah tidak ikut hadis. Sebab dlm quran ada bgtau. Wahai orang-orang yang beriman! Taatlah kepada Allah dan RasulNya dan janganlah kamu berpaling daripadanya, sedang kamu mendengar (Al-Quran yang mewajibkan taatnya) AlAnfal: 20

  20. Meriza Anna Mustapha
    July 24, 2013

    Assalamualaikum,
    that’s the spirit girl. you are critical, reasoned and well-research. i applaud you for saying your mind and argue it well. carry on, my friend. never leave our ‘iman’ at the hands of ulamaks/uztaz/uztazah/whoever. please, do carry on…

  21. azref
    July 24, 2013

    girl, do you know the meaning of
    “ash-hadu anna la ilaha illa Allah wa ash-hadu anna muhammadan rasoolu-llah”

    dan taat la kepada rasulnya kekasih allah iaitu Muhammad S.A.W.

  22. Man
    July 24, 2013

    Saya sokong Cik Shafiqah. Artikel yang bagus dan dikaji dengan baik. Saya cadangkan Cik Shafiqah cari dan tengok video YouTube ini:
    Pandangan Berbeza tentang Tudung oleh Ustaz Quraish Shihab

    Ustaz Quraish Shihab (Prof. Dr. Muhammad Quraish Shihab, MA) amat popular di Indonesia dan berpendidikan tinggi dari Universiti al-Azhar Mesir yang juga berbeza pendapat dengan ulama-ulama lain tentang “tudung” (disebut “jilbab” di Indonesia):

    Beliau antara salah seorang ulama yang tak bersetuju dengan pendapat ulama lain yang mendakwa rambut ialah aurat wanita. Bahkan beliau menyatakan dalam video di YouTube itu bahawa beliau tak pernah paksa anak-anak perempuannya memakai tudung.

    Ini antara kata2 Ustaz Quraish Shihab tentang tudung (jilbab):
    “Yang penting begini Bu, pakaian terhormat. Berjilbab baik. Bagus. Tetapi boleh jadi sudah melebihi apa yang dikehendaki oleh Tuhan (Allah).”

    Untuk pengetahuan, Prof Dr Quraish Shihab (terkenal sbg Ustaz Quraish Shihab) juga seorang yang berpelajaran Islam yang tinggi sejak kecil lagi, diajar baca al-Quran, belajar di pesantren (pondok), mahir berbahasa Arab. Kemudian dihantar belajar di al-Azhar Cairo, Mesir hingga melanjutkan pengajian di Universiti al-Azhar dalam Fakultas Ushuluddin, Jurusan Tafsir dan Hadis. Selain itu, beliau turut belajar tafsir al-Quran.

    Beliau digelar cendekiawan muslim dalam ilmu-ilmu Al Qur’an dan pernah menjadi Menteri Agama di Indonesia. Di samping itu, Ustaz Quraish Shihab juga merupakan seorang penulis buku2 agama. Kini sudah 51 judul buku telah dikarangnya.

    Antara buku yang amat popular adalah tentang tudung (jilbab).
    Tajuknya: Jilbab Pakaian Wanita Muslimah; dalam Pandangan Ulama dan Cendekiawan Kontemporer (Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2004). Buku ini menjelaskan segala-galanya tentang tudung dan perbezaan pendapat para ulama tentang tudung.

    p/s: Tapi sedih sekali bila pandangan berbeza seperti ini menyebabkan ada segelintir orang yang mengaku Islam telah menuduhnya “Syiah”. Apapun, beliau bukan Syiah.

  23. Jebat Must Die
    July 24, 2013

    The amount of research put into this article is astonishing.

    Kudos to the writer and thank you.

  24. Zul
    July 24, 2013

    Nak tahu bagaimana pakaian orang melayu tengoklah cerita P. Ramlee. Cuba selidik berapa orang yang nenek mereka pernah berhijab semasa zaman muda mereka. Kita kan orang melayu jadi berpakaianlah dengan fesyen pakaian kita. Biarlah orang eskimo dengan pakaian mereka dan orang barat dengan cara pakaian mereka. Kalau Nabi saw kita orang berbangsa cina, tentulah isteri-isteri baginda semua pakai cheongsam.

  25. Man
    July 24, 2013

    Ada satu lagi yang ingin saya beritahu. Menurut Ustaz Quraish Shihab, isteri kepada seorang ulama tersohor Nusantara (Alam Melayu) – Allahyarham Buya HAMKA (Prof. Dr. Haji Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah; hidup 1908 – 1981) sendiri tidak memakai jilbab (tudung).

    Bukankah Buya HAMKA seorang ulama yang amat dihormati dan disegani sejak dulu lagi?

    Tapi sudah tentulah isterinya juga seorang “muslimah” walaupun tidak menutup rambut. Bahkan orang dulu lebih kuat Islam mereka kerana setiap orang selalunya dihantar mengaji (baca/belajar al-Quran) dan belajar soal-soal agama. Hanya kerana tak menutup rambut, mereka tak pula digelar “bukan muslimah (perempuan Islam)”.

    Lain pula halnya sejak tahun 80-an dan ke atas, khasnya selepas Revolusi Iran pada 1979 tercetus, beransur-ansur hingga akhirnya wanita yang tidak menutup rambut dianggap tak Islamik, bukan “muslimah” dsb. Pelbagai lagi kecaman terhadap wanita sekarang jika tak tutup rambut sepenuhnya. Malah hingga isteri Perdana Menteri pun dicaci hanya kerana tak tutup rambutnya.

    Saya fikir adalah elok kiranya kita semua mendalami al-Quran itu sendiri. Hadis2 yang lemah (dhaif), dan palsu haruslah ditapis/ditolak bukan diikuti/disebarkan. Bahkan mana2 hadis yang bercanggah dengan al-Quran sudah tentulah tidak harus jadi ikutan.

    Lagipun sudah tertulis dalam al-Quran bahawa:

    [Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters.
    Quran; Surat Al-‘An`ām (6:114)

  26. nescafe
    July 24, 2013

    Shafiqah.

    Well-written thoughts.

    I believe you are critical on the part whether the hair would constitute an aurat i.e. whether a woman should cover her hair.

    All 4 schools of jurisprudence have agreed that it is. I need to point out that these great Imams have gone to great lengths to learn and articulate over Fiqh matters down to very detail and they do most clarify most of the corner cases.

    There’s no point rehashing the fact that the hair has been agreed throughout that it is part of the aurat.

    For reference, Imam Shafi’ for example you may refer to his foremost writings, Al-Umm and Al-Risalah. You may get blue from reading them but if your objective is to seek the ultimate truth it’s worth reading them.

    I truly believe your research would be more complete if you’ve had references from the Quran, Hadiths and the Ijma’ of the foremost ulamas.

    The problem about articulating opinion such as this is there’s a danger when you make implied assertion that the hair is not an aurat, your readers may take this as the truth.

  27. Anonymous
    July 24, 2013

    Salam to all,
    Just to relate the reality of “Hearsay” in the court of law – here is an extract from the following source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hearsay
    Hearsay is information gathered by one person from another person concerning some event, condition, or thing of which the first person had no direct experience. When submitted as evidence, such statements are called hearsay evidence. As a legal term, “hearsay” can also have the narrower meaning of the use of such information as evidence to prove the truth of what is asserted. Such use of “hearsay evidence” in court is generally not allowed. This prohibition is called the hearsay rule.
    In Malaysia, hearsay evidence is generally not allowed. However, the Evidence Act 1950 permitted a few exceptions such as section 6, 73A and etc.

    The Hadiths of Bukhari, Muslim and others have 1 thing in common – and that is the very foundation of their worthiness: HEARSAY!!!
    Peace.

  28. Thundaga
    July 24, 2013

    I just want to say I’m very impressed at how critical and informative this article is. Eventhough some points are still debatable, it shows that you do not just follow your religion aimlessly. Keep learning and researching.

  29. cam
    July 24, 2013

    very well written. i hope that you shouldn’t put hadis in your thesis. the mukijizat in islam is Al-Quran. well protected by god himself.
    btw. listen to neil degrasse thoughts of why islam civilization went downhill after 250 years prophet demise.

  30. ikanasuha
    July 25, 2013

    Reblogged this on ika nasuha .

  31. Just me
    July 25, 2013

    You are pretty and a lovely with brain lady. There are many articles in internet that talks about Hijab: Compulsion or choice?
    Be it blogs or article written by prominent and non prominent people be it man or woman.
    The question is not just Hijab, should women covered thei hair with tudungs or is hair is really part of aurat?

    Should Malay be a Malay muslim or Arab Muslim?
    Should Chinese be a Malay Muslim or a Chinese Muslim?
    Should Indian be a Malay muslim or Indian Muslim?
    Should American be a Arab Muslim or American Muslim?
    What I say is Women can wear anything as long as it decents and they also know how to protect themselves.

  32. Izidi
    July 25, 2013

    Good writing. Islam is about love, peace and respect. As long as you do good deeds, insyaallah Allah will give you reward. And as long as we keep our niyyah pure to learn more about islam, insyaallah Allah will light us from our uncertainty. P/S: i would prefer if you use Allah instead of God.🙂 just an oponion to make it more beautiful to be read.

  33. super curious
    July 25, 2013

    Assalammualaikum wbt ..may I ask your views on 2 things that come to my mind?
    One, based on Surah An-Nur, which made mention that women are asked to draw their veils to cover their bossoms, where would that veil be?
    Second, if left to choice, under what circumstances would a woman ‘choose’ to wear hijab, especially in this day and age? Thanks.

  34. taqwa
    July 25, 2013

    We could observe today that a number of organizations and restaurants prescribe certain dress code to its employee and guests to ensure high standards of professionalism. For example, it would impossible to find someone wearing slippers in an international convention at PICC, Putrajaya. Nor could we come across employees of PETRONAS wearing slippers at their office in the twin towers. All of them need to comply with the dress code ordained by their organization to show professionalism. Compare this with the owner of a grocery store that does not need to maintain any professionalism and could wear any attire he wants.

    Islam as a professional way of live is also complete with its guidelines that cover every aspect of life; from private acts (going to the toilet) to administration of the country and economy. Nonetheless, Islam would not prescribe guidelines that are irrational and cause hardship to its followers. Therefoe, the dress code in Islam would by no means cause nuisance to Muslims. Conversely it provides professionalism to those who embrace the guideline.

  35. ayena S.
    July 25, 2013

    I just sometimes some people wouldnt agree because they`ve been told that God has stressed on the fact that muslim women have to wear hijabs. I remember clearly during my childhood, I was appointed as a prefect. It was a big deal for me back then. But the teacher told me that to be one, I MUST wear a hijab to set a good example to the other islamic students, and so i did. My father was furious, threatening to sue the school for such “outrages claims”. He too believed that Islamic women do not have to cover their head.”Only lengthen you clothings” he used to say. The point is, is that people still belive that hijab is compulsory and that ” an islamic woman who does not cover her head is not truly islam “. So how do you prove these people wrong?

  36. ZZ
    July 25, 2013

    Thank you 3x dear Syafiqah.. for a very well researched and well reasoned article, At the age of 50 I finally understand, and I appreciate the Almighty all the more for that.
    Please carry on doing exactly what you are doing, dont be intimidated by people who are afraid of their own shadows. You have the truth of the Quran behind you.

  37. Ahmad
    July 25, 2013

    Assalamualaikum,

    Dear sfqomhz, can you explain the phrase in surah an-nur traslation ” that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (necessarily) appear thereof;” before the khumur argument that you highlighted. Doesn’t this implies that all parts of women’s body had to be covered including hair? Just sharing my point of view when I read that particular sentence, I understand that Allah commands the women to cover everything especially their forelock and bossom, and not just cover your bossom like you mentioned.

    When understanding the quran we must look at the whole quran and hadith and not only a pharse in a sentence. That act is injustice and wrong.

    I had to comment the way you explain the linguistic terms because they are very misleading. It is very interesting to know all the meanings of different terms and I hope you can continue doing that. However, I remembered during my days in primary Islamic school in Selangor, for every term there are always two meanings. The linguistic meaning and the istilah meaning.

    For example solat in linguistic meaning to connect. If we take this literally, when Allah command us to establish solat. It will result in establish connection. We cannot practice this. But I also learn that solat from the istilah means acts and utterance that start with takbiratul ihram and end with salam. Now we can understand it better.

    The same case with zakat. Literally means purification but in jurisprudence it means to give away certain amount of your wealth to certain people at certain time. This understanding extends to all part of Islamic ruling and regulations including hijab. The linguistic meaning is only to give an idea about the ruling.

    Through out your article, you only use literal meaning. The base of your method of argument is completely wrong and frail. We must understand first how Rasulullah s.a.w. and his companions either male or female understand it because the quran was sent down during their time and Rasulullah s.a.w. were there to explain to them what it meant. Only then we can establish our own understanding.

    We have this example even in English. For example the word hot and sick is different in this period of time as compare to 100 years ago. Man.. that car is sick! She’s hot! But we know that it does not mean literally that. Therefore, you have to interpret the terms according to the standard of language during that time.

    wallahua’lam.

  38. Anonymous
    July 25, 2013

    To those who propagate the need of hadis “bukhary and the gang” to understand the quran.

    A clear display of ignorance of your own kitab.

    1- Please look up Quran 39:23.

    It says, quran is the best hadis.

    Please not the word “hadis” (in Arabic) in 39:23.

    2- When you are done analyzing 39:23, now look up Quran 77:50.

    Again, don’t forget look up the word “hadis” ( in the Arabic) in 77:50.

    (Please note that the hadis “bukhary and the gang” were compiled 300 years later).

    Now, ask yourself which hadis you want to believe.

    Think.

    Cheers.

  39. Anonymous
    July 25, 2013

    People of the desert (men and women) cover their head in general to shun sands to get caught into their hair, nostrils and ear channels.

    In the event of a sand storm they cover up “ninja like” where there is only slight opening for their eyes to navigate in the dusty surrounding.

    It is all for survival and practical reason for living in the harsh desert environment.

    Modesty?
    What hair on the head got to do with modesty?

    When a man get caught indecent, the first thing he would try to cover and hide is his genitalia area. Same goes to a woman. The first thing she would do is to cover her breasts and her genitalia area as an act or sign of embarrasment. (Unless she is one the almost naked african tribes where it is only customary to cover their genitalia area while leaving their bossoms area bare). Observing the african tribes dressing codes suggests that “modesty” is a concept printed in one’s culture. Different culture will have a different print out. You see, the males among the almost naked african tribes do not get “work up” seeing their women’s bossom, don’t they?

    Please don’t make life harder to live. It’s already hard enough. If you are a malay muslim, be a malay muslim. If you are a chinese muslim, be a chinese muslim. Why you insist to be a desert arab? For what?

  40. iskandar
    July 25, 2013

    salam…
    kalaulah tuhan kononnya mewajibkan tudung apa pula logiknya bila tuhan longgarkan penampakan aurat untuk hamba abdi perempuan dari pusat ke lutut sahaja?
    dan longgarkan juga untuk perempuan monopaus aurat minima sekadar dari pusat ke lutut…ker hukum hakam tersebut terlepas pandang? sedangkan perhambaan adalah halal dan di amalkan dlm dunia islam secara berleluasa selama 1300thn zaman khalifah dan halal sampai kiamat.

  41. ashwed
    July 25, 2013

    Wow..finally an intelligent piece from kaum hawa. Keep reading the qoran. Insyallah we will find God . But dont limit yourself to issues regarding female. For a start what is your opinion about this word “religion”.

  42. rahimie
    July 25, 2013

    I am amazed at your effort on writing this ice-breaking article, and how you made a thorough research regarding this matter. Although i didn’t agree at some point, however for me, it’s quite good to see that there’re always people trying to follow their belief based on right understanding and knowledge, not blindly.

    I would like to re-post the link given by a commentator above:
    http://zaharuddin.net/senarai-lengkap-artikel/38/510-womens-aurat–what-has-happened.html

    And while we should never force anybody to follow what we want them to believe, we should too, make sure that we’re not twisting anything just to suit what we want to believe.

    Thus, may God grants us more knowledge regarding his deen.

    About the hadith, you may want to ask at this forum :
    http://al-fikrah.net.
    I learned a lot through this forum, and saved me from being some kind of ‘anti-hadith’, because they taught me not to take anything especially from hadith, without confirming it’s authenticity. (try post it in category Quran and hadith). Or i will revert to you back if I found it’s status. Thanks.

  43. Anonymous
    July 25, 2013

    ahmad ahmad… sounds like he live during the prophet time…
    Shafiqah, remember this : never argue with idiot..;)

  44. Princessa
    July 25, 2013

    Salaam Alaikum sister,

    I sincerely ask you to find an Arabic speaker and ask what khimaar means. Even better if it is a non-Muslim Arab to avoid any chance of pro-Hijab bias.

    And here is a Sahih hadith….

    From Umm Salamah who said: When the words ‘draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies’ were revealed, the women of the Ansaar went out as if there were crows on their heads because of the way they covered themselves. *

    (Sunan Abu Dawood, 4101)

    *i.e the headcovers were black as if there were crows

    Anyway, I am not going to criticize you for your personal choice. But I just want to remind you that, whether you mean it or not, if a Muslim girl ends up removing her hijab, or even men changing their beliefs, are you ready to have that on your shoulders?

    Additionally, even if for the sake of discussion, we are to say there is a chance hijab is not compulsory, then your approach is wrong. Because rather than leaning on the safe side, you have decided to take the likely haram side. It is impossible that it is haram to wear hijab, but it is not impossible that uncovering your hair is haram. This is the case with hijab at best, i.e it is a controversial issue. And do you know what is the advise of our Prophet on such issues?

    I used to have an almost similar view to yours. Alhamdulillah not any more. After I changed my views, I started thinking what was the reason of my earlier view, and I realised it was because I hated people pointing out that I was wrong, and I liked being rebellious (well, we all know what teenage years can do to us!). So instead of consulting scholars, I went to google, and went to look for evidence that will support my premeditated(?) view. In reality, I was not looking for knowledge on the issue, I was just looking for evidence to back up my view.

    May Allah guide us all.

    • Nasrullah Al-Qadahi
      April 18, 2016

      may Allah bless you and your household, and grant you steadfastness and perseverance. great response. hat’s off to you. *thumbs up!

  45. hak55
    July 25, 2013

    sfqomhz. Alhamdulillah, good effort, do continue with your research and don’t just stop there. The references you should use are the Al – Quran, Hadith and also Ijma’ Ulama’, more if you know how to apply comparison (qias). Also, whenever you are not sure about something, ask those who know. True, there are Hadiths that contradict each other and this is when you need to consult the learned people who would be able to tell you which Hadith you can use and the ones you can’t. There’re a lot more you can learn about Islam if you research more. I hope, one day you’ll find the truth! As – Salaam. HAK

  46. salwaa
    July 25, 2013

    Assalaamualaykum sister. Im a hijabi myself. try to think out of the box. yes its true what ever that we are doing in this religion which is for Allah, there must be sources follow up by the sayings of scholars, otherwise it wont be accepted. What’s our source? AlQuran which is Kalaamullah and Assunnah and it must be Authentic.

    Addressing to the matter itself. the topic of Hijab. How does it derived? what is the history of HIJAB? each and every revelation there must be reasoning and story to follow up its revelation to Rasulullah and one of it is the obligation of Hijab to the mother of the believers at that time. It’s best for us to look at the foundations of Islam first and how to believe ad submit rather than comparing the tafseer of the ayat’s first as we have to find the true ways of submissions.

    Firstly before we discover or see through the daleels or ayaat that support this obligation. We must have to bear in mind and our heart that we are here to..

    – Worship ALLAH.

    (Surah Adh Dhariyat :56)

    yes, our state which is only his servants and we are here to Submit to every of His command with no doubt.

    Allah wont leave us empty handed. revelations must be send through Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam to us which is beyond wisdom. to live by true examples. every thing that was sent to rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam, we have to “listen and obey” and that’s one of the way on how do prove our testification compared to the rest of the religions.

    “And whatever the Messenger has given you – take; and what he has forbidden you – refrain from. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is severe in penalty.” (59:8)

    ” Your companion [Muhammad] has not strayed, nor has he erred, Nor does he speak from [his own] inclination.” (53:3-4)

    Knowing that every command of Allah and every examples that had lived by Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam and his companions is accompanied by great wisdom that Allah Has placed for every Muslims to follow. He wont Leave us to follow the kuffars as we have our best examples, the three generations of islam.

    The tafseer from Ibn Katsir pertaining to the command of Hijab:
    http://abdurrahman.org/qurantafseer/ibnkathir/ibnkathir_web/33.42166.html

    and May this Help you sister, inshaaALLAH.
    http://abdurrahman.org/women/Hijab_and_Modesty.pdf

    May Allah Guide Us. ameen

  47. Anonymous
    July 26, 2013

    Someone wrote;
    “Anyway, I am not going to criticize you for your personal choice. But I just want to remind you that, whether you mean it or not, if a Muslim girl ends up removing her hijab, or even men changing their beliefs, are you ready to have that on your shoulders?”

    Another display of muslim’s ignorance of their own kitab.

  48. biasa sahaja
    July 26, 2013

    Artikel ni lengkap dengan macam2 sumber. Tapi lagi best kalau buat artikel mengenai kenapa kena pakai tudung dan menutup aurat berserta bukti sahih dari para ilmuan dan bukan hanya berpandukan Google.

    Saya baru sahaja memakai tudung tak sampai beberapa bulan. Sebab bukan saya rasa benda tu dipakai sebab wajib sahaja, tetapi bila pakai tudung, automatik kita rasa nak cover body kita dengan elok as a muslim women, jauhi pandangan yang tak elok dari lelaki, dan macam-macam benda boleh dielakkan.

    Saya rasa lagi bagus awak jumpa dengan ustaz/ustazah/para ilmuan agama mengenai kenapa wanita islam perlu berhijab. Boleh buat part II. Bezakan dari info Google dan info dari para Ilmuan dalam artikel part III pulak. =)

    Thanks and salam!

  49. Don Nazar
    July 26, 2013

    To be honest, why do you guys worry? Noone is going to answer to Allah except for yourself.

    I dont know, maybe people may are gonna flame me but i dont give a damn cause to me, WHY is our religion split into how many beliefs? keep it simple, Just you and Allah.

    I totally despise people going i am “holier than thou” just cause they wear “curtains”. Came across people who wears “hijab” who are more screwed up than people who are not wearing “hijab”.

    And please lah Mr. Anonymous, why dont you worry about your own dirty laundries before trying to fix someone’s beliefs.

    Our Religion is simple.

    1. Pray to Allah
    2. Recognize Muhammad swt
    3. Quran
    4. Fasting
    5. Haj

    So? Whats the big deal?

    Love your article. good point.

    Don

    • Fizz
      February 27, 2014

      There you go. You’d know alQuran is just important as it does. Dont you know in alQuran there’s surah about aurah? and it also means to cover your aurah. Neglecting aurah means you’re neglecting alQuran too. Think wise please.

      • sfqomhz
        February 28, 2014

        I believe I covered that surah and explained it as well.

  50. Zul
    July 26, 2013

    Sekadar nasihat dan untuk renungan bersama.

    Al-Quran rasanya akan lebih bermanfaat bagi orang-orang cacat pendengaran, buta dan bisu kerana bagi mereka tiada banyak gangguan atau distraction luaran. Maka anggaplah diri kita ini sebagai orang yang hina seperti mereka apabila membacanya dan jangan sesekali mudah kita terpengaruh dengan hasutan-hasutan iblis dan gangguan syaitan. Ingatlah bahawa tidak akan menyentuhnya kecuali orang yang suci sahaja.

  51. pucuk
    July 26, 2013

    dear writer, one thing for sure, if you colored your hair, your ‘mandi wajib or wudhu’ adalah tidak sah. bile tak sah, what is the point for you to pray/fasting?

  52. Man
    July 26, 2013

    Dear Pucuk,

    There’s no prohibition of dying the hair in Quran. I couldn’t find it elsewhere. It maybe implies that it is not prohibited. But, if you find it, feel free to cite it here.

    Even Islamic scholars only refer to hadiths to speak about that, implying that there’s not written anywhere in Quran about dying the hair.

    However, Islamic scholars who based on hadiths say that dying your hair is permissible in Islam and it won’t affect your ‘wudhu’ at all. But some scholars say it is only if you use the Henna (a red plant dye) or Katm (type of grass), or any halal dyes. You can color your hair with whatever color but not black, according to hadiths scholars.

    So, it is not contradict with the Quran as it is the complete, understandable and the best hadith.

  53. hak55
    July 26, 2013

    In Islam, the woman’s hair is part of her aurat and what do the Al – Quran and the Hadith say about women’s aurat? Find out the answers in the Al – Quran and the Hadith or ask those who know and decide for yourself whether, as a Muslim, you think you are qualified enough to make that decision and refuse to cover-up. As – Salaam. HAK

  54. hidir
    July 26, 2013

    Doesnt matter what it is called. you have to cover ur head including your chest,
    U missed one verse.
    24:31,”And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.”

  55. Nabihah
    July 26, 2013
  56. Arez
    July 26, 2013

    Hidir,

    You missed her full article. I mean you didn’t read all her points in the above article, because she had already mentioned and quoted your 24:31 verse. She wrote it as [Surat An-Nur 24:31].

    But you failed to read what she explained about the surah and then you claimed she missed one verse, which is not true since she did quote the verse above.

    And you must know that there are other Islamic scholars (ulama) who also saying that “hair is not a part of awrah (nakedness) of women”. They have their concrete proofs and argument too.

    Regarding the surah, you actually have misunderstood the surah since neither of the words nor sentences in the surah are mentioning “hair is awrah of women”.

    You must search the history about women clothing before and during early Islam, historians know about that. It’s because Arab women had already wore the hijab or veils before Islam, but it’s a culture where women show part of the (upper) bosoms to the male (husband especially) before they go for war.

    Thus, after the surah came, they (women) only have to strike their veils to the bosoms in order to cover (hijab) them, since they had already wore the veils, but not covering part of their bosoms before.

  57. Anonymous
    July 27, 2013

    Anas (radiyallahu ta’ala ‘anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: Indeed, among the signs of the Last Hour (the Day of Resurrection) is that knowledge will be lifted, ignorance (of Deen) will take root.
    Anas ibne-Malik (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: Indeed, the example of the ‘Ulama is like that of stars in the sky by wh…ich guidance is obtained in the darkness of the land and water; when stars lose their radiance, it is likely that travellers will go astray.
    (Musnad Ahmad)
    Abdullah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: Learn the Qur’an and teach it to people; acquire knowledge of Deen and teach it to people; learn the obligatory Commandments (of Allah) and teach these to people: Indeed I would die and verily the knowledge will also be lifted soon, so much so that two people will disagree on an obligatory command, and there will be no one who could guide them correctly about it.
    (Baihaqi)

  58. The Truth
    July 27, 2013

    Tahukah korang yang sebenarnya terdapat 3 versi khutbah Nabi Muhammad. Versi ke-3 yang korang tak tau ialah:

    “I left for you what if you hold up to, you will never be misguided, the BOOK OF GOD.” Muslim 15/19, nu 1218; Ibn Majah 25/84, Abu dawud 11/56.

    Nabi Muhammad bersabda bahawa baginda hanya tinggalkan BUKU (KITAB) TUHAN, iaitu Al-Quran sahaja.
    Ramai Sunni & Syiah tak tahu pasal kewujudan hadis ini, iaitu hadis yang menyatakan Nabi Muhammad (SAW) menyebut bahawa baginda hanya tinggalkan Al-Quran kepada umat Islam, dengan itu mereka takkan sesat. Tiada penambahan selain Al-Quran.

    Untuk sejarah hadis, mungkin korang patut baca di bawah. Dalam sejarah di bawah tertulis banyak dalil2 (bukti2) bahawa Nabi Muhammad (SAW) MELARANG PENULISAN HADIS.

    HISTORY OF HADITHS

    Peace and blessings be upon all the messengers of Allah.

    MUHAMMED FORBIDS THE WRITING OF HADITHS

    It has been documented in Muslim, Ahmed and other sources of Hadith that Muhammad had prohibited the writing of his hadith.

    (1) Ibn Saeed Al-Khudry reported that the messenger of God had said,

    “Do not write anything from me EXCEPT QURAN. Anyone who wrote anything other than the Quran shall erase it.”

    The following historical incident happened about 30 years after the death of the Prophet Muhammed and shows that the Prophet never canceled his order not to write but the Quran. The hadiths books however contained some fabricated hadiths that are considered by the same Hadiths scholars as very weak, trying to indicate that Muhammed changed his view about writing the hadiths. The readers of the hadith to follow, that happened about 30 years after the death of the Prophet, will conclude by themselves that the Prophet Muhammed never authorized the writing of the hadiths since the time he told his followers not to write but the Quran..

    (2) From Ibn Hanbal;

    Zayd Ibn Thabit (The Prophet’s closest revelation writer) visited the Khalifa Mu’aawiyah (more than 30 years after the Prophet’s death), and told him a story about the Prophet. Mu’aawiyah liked the story and ordered someone to write it down. But Zayd said. ” The messenger of God ordered us NEVER to write anything of his hadith,”

    (3) The famous book, “Ulum Al-Hadith” by Ibn Al-Salah, reports a hadith by Abu Hurayra in which Abu Hurayra said the messenger of God came out to us while we were writing his hadiths and said; “What are you writing?” We said, “Hadiths that we hear from you, messenger of God.” He said, “A book other than the book of God?” We said, “Should we talk about you?” He said, Talk about me, that would be fine, but those who will lie will go to Hell. Abu Hurayra said, we collected what we wrote of Hadiths and burned them in fire.

    (4) In the famous book, “Taq-yeed Al-Ilm”, Abu Hurayra said, the messenger of God was informed that some people are writing his hadiths. He took to the pulpit of the mosque and said, “What are these books that I heard you wrote? I am just a human being. Anyone who has any of these writings should bring it here. Abu Hurayra said we collected all these and burned them in fire.

    (5) Ibn Hanbal in his Musnad book, narrates a hadith in which Abdullah Ibn Omar said, “the messenger of God one day came out to us as if he was going to depart us soon and said, “When I depart you (die), hold to the book of God, prohibit what it prohibits and accept as halal what it makes halal.”

    He never mentioned the Sunna in this hadiths.

    (6) Again, in the book “Taq-yeed Al-Ilm”, Abu Saeed Al-Khudry said, ” I asked the messenger of God a permission to write his hadiths, but he refused to give me a permission.”

    (7) The farewell Pilgrimage of the Prophet Muhammed is a corner stone in the Muslim history. The Final Sermon given by the Prophet during this pilgrimage was witnessed by thousands of Muslims. There are however THREE versions of this sermon in the Hadiths books. This by itself reflects the degree of corruption of the Hadiths books as this is the most witnessed speech of the prophet Muhammed.

    1- First version, ” I left for you what if you hold up to, you will never be misguided, the book of God and my Family. Muslim 44/4, Nu2408; Ibn Hanbal

    4/366; darimi 23/1, nu 3319.

    This is the version made up by the Shiite Muslims.

    2-Second version, “I left for you what if you hold up to, you will never be misguided, the book of God and my Sunnah” . Muwatta, 46/3

    This is the version made up by the Sunni Muslims.

    3- Third version, “I left for you what if you hold up to, you will never be misguided, the BOOK OF GOD.” Muslim 15/19, nu 1218; Ibn Majah 25/84, Abu dawud 11/56.

    And ONLY the book of God. This is the version hated by the Sunni and Shiite Muslims alike. This is the ONLY version that agrees with the repeated assertion in the Quran that Muhammed’s message is ONLY the QURAN. Many Sunni Muslims and Shiite Muslims do not even know that this version of the sermon exists. In reality, they do not want to know, the truth hurts, but Hell fire hurts much more.

  59. The Truth
    July 27, 2013

    sambungan daripada komen di atas:
    Penafian:Semua tulisan bertulis dalam Bahasa Inggeris dalam komen di atas dan di bawah ini bukannya datang daripada saya tapi daripada Islamic Research Foundation International, Inc.. Ia merupakan petikan (quote) daripada IRFI yang boleh dibaca di sini: History of Hadiths – MUHAMMED FORBIDS THE WRITING OF HADITHS

    Petikan IRFI (ke-2):
    HADITHS AND THE GUIDED KHALIFAS;

    The four guided Khalifas who ruled the Muslim Umma (nation) after the death of the Prophet Muhammed, respected the order of the Prophet and prohibited the writing and collection of Hadiths. They did believe God in his book and accepted the commandment of the Prophet.

    **Terjemahan: Semua empat Khalifah yang memerintah Muslim Umma (negara) selepas kewafatan Nabi Muhammad (SAW) telah hormati perintah Nabi dan melarang penulisan dan pengumpulan Hadis2. Mereka yakin pada Allah dalam kitab-Nya dan terima suruhan daripada Nabi itu.

  60. The Truth
    July 27, 2013

    sambungan daripada komen di atas:

    Penafian:Semua tulisan bertulis dalam Bahasa Inggeris dalam komen di atas dan di bawah ini bukannya datang daripada saya tapi daripada Islamic Research Foundation International, Inc.. Ia merupakan petikan (quote) daripada IRFI yang boleh dibaca di sini: History of Hadiths – MUHAMMED FORBIDS THE WRITING OF HADITHS

    Petikan IRFI (ke-2):
    HADITHS AND THE GUIDED KHALIFAS;

    The four guided Khalifas who ruled the Muslim Umma (nation) after the death of the Prophet Muhammed, respected the order of the Prophet and prohibited the writing and collection of Hadiths. They did believe God in his book and accepted the commandment of the Prophet.

    **Terjemahan: Semua empat Khalifah yang memerintah Muslim Umma (negara) selepas kewafatan Nabi Muhammad (SAW) telah hormati perintah Nabi dan melarang penulisan dan pengumpulan Hadis2. Mereka yakin pada Allah dalam kitab-Nya dan terima suruhan daripada Nabi itu.

    Jadi, sejak bila hadis tiba-tiba saja diwajibkan, malah melebihi Al-Quran itu sendiri, padahal Allah telah berfirman dalam kitab-Nya (iaitu Al-Quran):

    [Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters.

    (Surat Al-‘An`ām : 6:114) – Sahih International – From Quran.com

    Fahami ayat Al-Quran di atas.

  61. Angel of Truth
    July 28, 2013

    Hadith for all to know is a tradition and written down ONLY after few hundred years after the passing of our prophet. ( U all remember the theory & game where u whisper into yr friend’s ear and say “the apple is red” and by the time it reaches the 10th person round the circle….the person whispers the dinosaur is purple. In less that a minute the fact has changed greatly. What happens in 250years? whithout nothin being written down. Word of mouth? By memory? I personally don’t think so brother/sister. Before that no written records were kept. So only after that thousands of these “hadiths” bloom like mushrooms. These is where the islamic scholars choose and pick the hadith that is “true”. Wherelse the Quran is the Fact & Guide Book that cannot be change or chosen. 100% true!!! Endorsed by Allah SWT.

  62. Angel of Truth
    July 28, 2013

    BTW, wanna know why the Al-Quran says to cover your bosom? Because there was a time when it was normal in the Middle East.to show-off one’s assets.Imagine some women’s attire was practically that of a belly-dancer’s! Bosoms were commonly almost displayed and not covered very well. Hence Allah’s instruction to cover-up; much more modest and decent. Makes sense?

  63. Angel of Truth
    July 28, 2013

    The Truth….U rock!!! I love your truthful details! We are not the “Blind” ones!

  64. Angel of Truth
    July 28, 2013

    Before my ancestors ( Arabs) were muslims…they were christians and what not. Before they were muslims, they were already wearing similar to what u called hijabs or tudungs today. Have u seen the christian nuns? what are they wearing on their head? Looks exactly like a hijab right? Well sad to tell all of u misled folks that the “hijabs” are actually the traditional head gear for christian arabs women before we were muslims. Well its sad to see these women trying to show the others that they are holier or show repentence by wearing the “hijab”. Really? Cause ive seen “hijabs” girls here in KL doin so non muslim things and Haram acts while wearing their “hijabs”. Not to mentioned the ones showing online. Shame shame shame…everything off except the “hijabs”…what a joke this “hijab” is at this juncture of time. Meaning….U can do anything and take off yr clothings except taking off the “hijab”. I wish things were back like in the 80s before the idiot Iranian Ayahtollah Komeni revolution started this “hijab” revo. Nowadays the ladies of iran dont even wear “hijab”…they just put on a scarf with hairs sticking out. Hairs ARE NOT AWRAT numbnuts!!!! Not happy? Take a dive frm the tallest building would ya.

  65. Johan Mohriz
    July 30, 2013

    If I may, this arguement is not new and has been going around for a while. This view is accepted by practically a handfull of scholars . Its Quranic interpretation is predominantly semantic in nature. It is especially popular with people who are compelled to justify their lifestyle choices.

    What I can say for sure is that, it is extremely un-Islamic to judge a person’s character based on the way they dress.

    But on the other hand, establishing the hijab is by no means an easy feat for a woman. It involves great sacrifice emotionally, physically and, to varying degrees, even financially (eg. complete change of wardrobe). It is very easy for a person who has not witnessed this transition to miss that significant point.

    But if its a sacrifice purely to seek the pleasure of Allah, it’s my humble opinion that, all else being equal, these women will enjoy an elevated status compared to men and women who merely “cukup syarat” (meet requirement). Even if it is a choice and not a complusion, since there is no compulsion in Islam. Wallahualam.

  66. taqwa
    July 31, 2013

    Assalamualaikum.Sebagai seorang islam,sehingga telah kita menghembuskan nafas terakhir pun perkara aurah ini amat di ambil berat.Terutama bagi wanita.Kain kafan untuk wanita adalah 5 helai termasuk untuk menutup kepala.Persediaan kita untuk bertemu Tuhan.Kenapa kita di kafankan sedemikian rupa dan tidak seperti cara orang bukan Islam yang kadang-kadang mayat di pakaikan pakaian ranggi mengikut kesukaan simati lengkap dengan solekan .Kain kafan bagi Jenazah wanita sebanyak 5 lapis kerana:

    a.ikut sunnah Rasulullah SAW ketika baginda mengkafankan anakanda baginda zainab .

    b. 5 lapis kain kafan merupakan jumlah yang paling sempurna bagi menutupi aurat wanita yang kebanyakan berbonggol dan berlurah

    Dari sini seseorang boleh berfikir kenapa perlu ada ‘double standard’ apabila berpakaian menghadap tuhan (solat) dan pakaian di luar waktu sembahyang. Alhamdullilah bagi diri saya,pakaian seharian saya boleh terus digunakan untuk sembahyang bila tiba waktu sembahyang tanpa perlu memakai telekung,walaupun saya memakai jeans dan kemeja.Kerana ia longgar,selesa,dan menutupi seluruh aurah saya.Saya tidak perlu berpakaian seperti arab….sesuaikan dengan keadaan di mana kita berada….Tetapi di mana pun saya pergi……..alhamdullilah dan masyallah orang mengenali saya seorang MUSLIM.

  67. Anonymous
    August 1, 2013

    Syabas smuga agama islam hanyadatang dari tuannya sahja iaitu tuhan pencipta sklian alamdidalam kitabbya yg berakhir dg alquran

  68. Syaeeza Liana
    August 2, 2013

    You’ve written so well on this topic. Well- researched too! Insya- Allah, He knows what is right. People, just remember that whateverwe do & whatever we will be doing is ONLY for Allah s.w.t., not for the sake of pleasing other people or because other people asked you to do so. Plus, we weren’t born in the same environment, so each people have their own opinion. Kudos, dear writer!🙂

  69. afwan
    August 2, 2013

    As’salam,refer surah an nur ayat:30-31,nyata dan jelas di sini firman Allah; katakan kpd wanita yg beriman,hendaklah menahan pandangan dn menjaga kemaluannya dn jgn menampakkan perhiasaan(rambut dan seluruh anggota badan jg termasuk perhiasan)kecuali kedua tapak tgn n muka.dan labuh kan tudung mereka sehingga menutupi dada. Saudari,tak salah utk berdakwah tanpa tittle ustaz@ustazah,asalkan ke arah kebaikan.tapi jgn sampai kita pertikaikan hukum Allah yg wajib.ingt 6 rukun iman,semoga kita terpelihara daripada sebarang keraguan,dn sama2 menuntut ilmu ttg Islam drp golongan agama.dekat kan diri kpd Allah,muhasabah diri,perbanyak solat istikarah,minta petunjuk di mlm2 akhir ramadan ini.insyaAllah,kebenaran yg dicari pasti ditemui. Salam takzim dari saya.

  70. padat
    August 3, 2013

    Lepas nie adalah pulak yg bgtau perut bukan aurat, peha bukan aurat sbb tak ada sebut specific dlm quran.

    Wallahualam.

  71. Nrf
    August 4, 2013

    Assalamualaikum.

    Saya respect Cik Shafiqah bersungguh sungguh meluangkan masa untuk buat research ni. Panjang dan siap details lagi. Tapi saya kurang bersetuju dengan apa yang Cik Shafiqah sampaikan.

    Kita nak belajar, kena lah berguru.
    Kalau tak berguru siapa nak betulkan kita bila kita salah?
    Kita baca buku pelajaran, ada yang tak faham, kita rujuk cikgu minta terangkan.

    Dalam Al-Quran ada sebut tentang solat tapi tidak ada sebut tentang cara solat dari A-Z. Dalam Al-Quran ada juga sebut tentang sucikan diri, takda pula sebut macam mana nak suci kan diri. Kita belajar itu pun daripada para kitab kitab yang ditulis oleh para ulama yaitu waris Rasulullah SAW. Tanpa hadis dan sunnah, binasa kita didunia dan akhirat sebab takda rujukan untuk beribadah.

    Nak kaji Al-Quran tak boleh sesuka hati tafsir ikut nafsu sendiri. Kena berpandukan dengan orang yang lebih berilmu dari kita. Rujuk lag dengan yang lebih mengetahui.

    Wallahualam.

  72. Pylas
    August 5, 2013

    Apa kata awak solat istikharah tanya Allah directly whether hijab is compulsion or a choice? InshaAllah dapat jawapan dari-Nya. Lebih baik tanya Maha Mengetahui

  73. Anonymous
    August 16, 2013

    I applaud you for you intelligence and passion. I am a convert/revert to Islam in the USA and I know no other Muslims. There is only one mosque in my entire state….anyways I have been a Muslim for about a year and a half and during this time I have attempted to wear the hijab twice, which only lasted for a couple of months each time. I have always been pretty modest but now I am taking my religion seriously and reading the Quran for the second time. I have been very conflicted about whether hijab is really required and I have read many arguments. This is the first time I read an opinion that put me at ease. You broke everything down so concisely with no extra bull****. My hijab is being pious; wearing loose, long clothing (without being too shapeless); wearing very small simple earrings(no other jewelry), no perfume, no makeup (only a little kohl), eating only halal food…I now feel that for God this is enough🙂 Thank you so much….By the way I am leaning toward Quranism….For me, most hadiths are too contradictory when compared to the Holy Quran

  74. Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is wonderful, as well as the content!

  75. Who Knows
    September 3, 2013

    so heres a question, god forbid a muslim woman is bald, maybe due to radiotherapy or whatever, does she need to wear a hijab ?

  76. Muhammad Afifi
    September 14, 2013

    Astaghfirrullah. may Allah guide us all to the right path to Jannah. There’s no point discussing here. Besides quoting the Quran & hadith by yourself, do u learn what the ulama’ have concluded regarding this issue of the hijab. Although u say in the beginning that this post is not a reason not to wear hijab, the general public who are already against the hijab will be happy to use your ‘explanation’ as a defense. The scholars who really are the ‘ahli’ in religion has already interpreted and made conclusions. Its funny that if suddenly a person who knows a thing or two can become an ulama & make fatwas. Salam.

    • sfqomhz
      September 21, 2013

      Unfortunately, I think a lot of people don’t read very carefully. I have never stated that I am issuing a fatwa or a ruling, and neither am I making my own conclusions and interpretations. I would not dare so. I don’t consider myself a scholar, or an expert, or neither did I say people have to listen to what I say.

      But just because I have publicly written an article regarding the issue, it does not make me the only person who thinks this way, considering the fact that I am citing from other scholars, newspaper articles, books and even Arabic speakers. Fact is, thousands of people, if not millions out of the billions of Muslims in the world, share the same point of view. Just because a majority has agreed to a single conclusion, that does not make the minority any less Muslims only because we don’t agree to one rule.

      There has always been debate not only on hijab, but many other things like polygamy, domestic abuse, homosexuality, apostasy etc. To sweep different opinions under the carpet merely because a majority agrees to one rule is ignorant. The reason why many Muslims think differently is because God has given us intellect, to think for ourselves. The majority does not speak for everyone.

      We have a right to speak, and everywhere I have stated wallahualam, wallahualam, wallahualam. Only God knows best. Only God knows best. Only God knows best. They might use this article to justify their actions, but God knows the reason I wrote this article in the first place. It’s not to start a revolution or to start a message, but to SHARE DIFFERENCES IN OPINION.

      So before someone accuses me of doing something that I am not, please read carefully. Astaghfirullah, the amount of fitnah in my comments is disappointing. And I am appalled at how close-minded people are to different opinions. “Don’t question!!!” The most common rebuttal to differences in opinions.

      I can accept when people tell me I am wrong, but is it so hard for someone to accept a different opinion? I am not even asking to be followed. Just because I’m presenting a different alternative to the table does not make me any less “Islam” than anyone.

      At the end of the day, we’re all made equal in the eyes of God. We’re all human beings racing to be closer to him. God does not look at the superficial, but the purity of your heart. Keikhlasan.

      May God forgive us, and may we be blessed by Him. Assalammualaikum.

  77. Anonymous
    September 21, 2013

    Thanks for sharing this brilliant new opinion of yours,never mind those haters. Everyone should have their own opinion and be able to voice it,whether it’s true or not. Besides,providing a new perspective regarding this issue shows that you’re critically aware about the real definition of awrah for women nowadays. Have a nice day,take care and God bless!

  78. Muhammad Afifi
    September 27, 2013

    sorry, I didnt say u were issuing a fatwa. Mind my language. It’s easy to misunderstand how I’m saying this because you know, it’s just text. Anyways, for someone who likes to share differences in opinion, u sure got offended quite easily therefore, I apologise to u & I seek forgiveness from Allah & to be honest I really dont mind agreeing to disagree. May Allah bless us all. Wallahu a’lam. Wassalam wbt.

  79. will praise
    September 29, 2013

    Some are talking about Al Quran and Hadith, and some argues on whether we could really use hadith. But what about below?

    In the name of Allah, All-Merciful, Most Merciful

    (1) Alif Lam Mim
    (2) That is the Book, without any doubt. It contains guidance for those who have taqwa:
    (3) those who have iman in the Unseen and establish salat and spend from what We have provided for them;
    (4) those who have iman in what has been sent down to you and what was sent down before you, and are certain about the Next World.
    (5) They are the people guided by their Lord. They are the ones who have success.

    The jewish wear hijjab during their time, the true followers of Nabi Isa (Jesus Christ) pbuh wear hijjab too during his time. Doesn’t that count if you don’t want to take hadith into account?

  80. will praise
    October 3, 2013

    I think we could all learn something from this:

  81. Bill
    October 17, 2013

    I suggest you to study deeply about hadiths first before you say anything about it. Ask the scholars about it. Try to study at maahad tahfiz for at least a month. Wear the tudung and even purdah. Let’s see what it makes you feel. I think the best place is in Kedah. The place’s name is Darul Hadith where many of the students have dreamed about Rasulullah. The place where most of the scholars love to visit. I tell you no lies.

    It’s a good article but it may mislead people and if it does, Im afraid it might make you carry the ‘burden’ later in Padang Mahsyar. Becareful of what you post because, everything counts on the Mizan.

    My point was only to ask you to learn more about it. Try to be in the place with those who are really devoted in Islam more than us. Those people yang lebih berilmu yang dah hafal berpuluh kitab agama.

    May Allah bless you sister,
    Assalamualaikum

    • idir
      August 26, 2014

      “I think the best place is in Kedah. The place’s name is Darul Hadith where many of the students have dreamed about Rasulullah. The place where most of the scholars love to visit. I tell you no lies.” – mekah kedua ke bro? lol

    • Anonymous
      March 25, 2016

      Denying the fact even ulamas differ in this matter and not a word of hair is mentioned in Quran and hadith is also a lie.

      Remember, Allah could have done so in his many verses.

      As many ustazs prefer to ‘hide and lie’ are they not carrying the burden later in Padang Mahsyar?

      Plus success is not ‘hafaz’ as the books may not be full-proof, but importantly ‘thinking and application’. Recall the teaching about using stones and leaves to clean yourself when without water – absurd.

      Asks the tahfiz to produce medicines for the suffering Muslims, can they?

      In short life is not to be a ‘holy muslim’ but to be a ‘useful muslim’.

      Thanks

  82. Idriss A Diaw
    October 30, 2013

    A lot of work has been done here to arrive at pre-set conclusion that hijaab is not mandatory. Anybody who writes about Islam needs to keep in mind that they are accountable for every one of their words. Some people are locks and keys to Jannah while others are keys to hell fire. This introduction is to say that this is not a good article at all. It is one of the worst I have read on the topic of “Hijaab”. The author uses their own translation, gives different meanings to words that have been understood and applied differently from the inception of this deen of Islam. Let’s fear Allah and be fully aware of the day of judgement. Any sin committed by those who may be misled, because of this post, will be also on book of the one who wrote it, unless they repent to Allah, seek His forgiveness and correct their actions. May Allah guide the sincere people to the correct understanding of this deen. Ameen

    • sfqomhz
      October 31, 2013

      If you had thoroughly enough, you would have realized “The information that I used in this article are references from Islamic scholars, hadith experts and also classical Arabic speakers. I DID NOT MAKE MY OWN TRANSLATION.”

      Yet you said, “The author uses their own translation and gives different meaning to words that have been understood”. Please refrain from making such accusations. I have repeated continually in my article that these are information I have gathered from different resources and that only God knows best.

      I wrote this with the best of intentions and merely sharing a different point of view. From this article, it is already clear that I am not the only person who thinks this.

      My interpretation may not be the same as yours, but that is all it is. An interpretation. Which is why I have also stated above that niyyah is of utmost importance in Islam. Only God knows the ultimate truth, only God knows best, and all we can do is act in righteousness, kindness and gentleness.

      I pray always that God will guide me to the right understanding of Islam, and now I shall keep you in my prayers so that you will not create fallacy of others as you did unto me. Ameen. May God bless. Assalamualaikum.

  83. hak55
    November 3, 2013

    sfqomhz. Islam, through the Al – Quran, Hadith, Ijma’ Ulama’ and qias clarify everything that are doubtful and place them in accordance to set priorities such as halal, haram, harus, etc. wajib, sunat, makruh, etc. Covering the aurat, for both Musli men and women, is very clear and it is wajib or mandatory and this must be observed strictly by all followers. There’s no comprise about anything that is wajib or mandatory in Islam. If one does not follow and carry out or avoid anything that is wajib or mandatory in Islam, he or she has committed a sin and if someone who claims to be a Muslim but refuses to follow anything that is wajib or mandatory accordingly, there’s no meaning or any use for him or her to remain a Muslim. He or she should leave and become a khaffir. Wallahu’alam! As – Salaam. HAK

    • sfqomhz
      November 3, 2013

      Waalaikumsalam. I understand what you mean, and I do NOT doubt that covering of awrah is mandatory. In fact, I never questioned it. If you must, please read again my section on awrah before assuming I said that covering of awrah is not compulsory in Islam. Wallahualam. Thank you and may God bless🙂

  84. hak55
    November 4, 2013

    sfqomhz – Assalamu’alaikum wmt wbt. Good for you to reply but your reply is slightly off-tangent. I never said or assumed that you said covering of the awrah is not compulsory. Nor did I imply that you questioned it. What I said above is an attempt to remind readers, your readers, and you, that covering the awrah is wajib or mandatory and this must be observed strictly by all followers and that there’s no compromise about anything that is wajib or mandatory in Islam. ‘Telling’ and ‘reminding’ are two different things. One may remind others even if that others already know about the things that you are trying to remind them. However in you choosing not to to cover your hair, and dying your hair, in your profile photo does indicate where your leaning or inclination is about this matter.

    I also made some comments and suggestions (or advice) to you on July 25, 2013 above and your reply here suggests that you have not done or you have not done enough what I suggested (advised) you to do.

    As – Salaam. HAK

    • sfqomhz
      November 4, 2013

      I notice. And what I have read or learned from the Qur’an and Hadith are all stated clearly in what I have posted above, also supported by scholars who share similar views. I am continually learning about my religion, whether you know it or not, and telling me to do so only serves no purpose, especially when the only reason you “remind” me is because of my, and millions of other Muslims, unconventional opinion on a subject matter. Only God knows best.

      May God bless us all with His mercy and guidance. Waalaikumsalam, HAK.

  85. Machines of Loving Grace
    November 4, 2013

    In all honesty, I have always believed that covering one’s head is due to tradition and not faith. To me, covering my aurat means being modest in character, lifestyle, and especially clothing. I do not cover my head (insha Allah, maybe someday I will or will not, it depends) but I certainly dont wear garments that attract attention, be it it’s colour, cut, shape and material. And I certainly dont behave in a way that would attract any attention from anybody. Easiest way to put, I hide from the spotlight, but I am not a lazy co-worker/colleague/employee/peer. To me, for now, is better than those who wear hijabs, but still trying their best to gain worldly attention. It defeats the purpose of covering altogether. Wallahualam. May Allah guide us to what is true.

  86. Gintai_昇泰
    November 12, 2013

    Reblogged this on Gintai_昇泰 and commented:
    Interesting article with much insight written in a calm, logical and sincere manner. It really enlightens me on this hot topic. If the PM made the effort to address this issue with those Muslim MPs after so much intense debate and discussion amongst Singaporeans recently, obviously it should be a controversial topic. Even an online petition was set up to lobby this issue. I personally feel that if it doesn’t affect their work at all, why not allow it? I’m sure most of us won’t mind. May be a survey should be carried out to gauge how non-Muslims feel about it. I’ve asked around whenever I meet my friends. Generally they do not express strong disapproval. That’s how I feel also.

  87. Lawrence Ho
    November 12, 2013

    Assalam. thanks for a wonderful and objective article that draws true inspirations from the Holy Quran. Imagine how fundamentalists twist the true essence of the faith and in the end, fail to win real converts! Praise be to God!

  88. Anonymous
    December 10, 2013

    i can see logic. but darling, as you refering to al-Quran pls do refer to sunnah too. as our phophet, pbuh, said i left you with two thing and if you followed it you will be fine until the end is Quran and As-Sunnah.
    And recall the time of isra’ and mikraj where Muhammad saw travels to hell and he saw a lot of women in hell.
    read it sometime and seek the truth. i didnt said ur explaination is wrong but its giving the wrong idea somehow. and you not just explaining but there were thousand of people reading it and probably out of 40 only 5 understnd it right. this may cause a continuous sin to you and whoever involve.
    May Allah enlighten your heart with iman someday and put away ur ego to accept what other have to advise. sometime research are not enough and one teacher is not always right. go and seek others people help bfre its even too late to turn back time. i shall remind you.
    your fthr being rspensible fr ur sin and you dnt want to be the reason why he end up in somewhere he dnt belong to. May you be guided to the right path. i will pray for you. Assalamaualaikum.
    p.s: dnt blame the country not the community. its just compare to before, people nowadays potrayed islam as their way of living not just in their ic. they start to change and shares. not judgemental.

  89. Zu
    December 15, 2013

    Salam sister,

    I applaud your bravery to write on such a controversial topic (so thoroughly, I must add). I was previously of the same opinions as you, but Alhamdulillah, I decided to research from a different perspective and have accepted the beauty of the hijab. I feel like this topic is frequently blown out of proportion when it’s really quite simple. When we enter a mosque, or even the grounds of a mosque, or a surau, we’d feel ashamed if our hairs were exposed, yes? That to me is a feeling of immodesty, and as the point of the hijab/jilbab/what have yous is to maintain modesty, then surely we should cover our hair? Wallahualam but as a poster before me had said, better to be safe than sorry. There are no harmful effects from wearing the hijab, only benefits. It’s a great foundation to help keep your modesty in check. When I put on the hijab, I will automatically feel the need to represent Islam in the most beautiful light. And to be recognised as a Muslim on the streets of Australia, Mashaallah such a lovely feeling.

    May Allah guide us all, and may Allah bless you for your efforts. Though I mostly disagree with your opinions, I am sure you have the best intentions.

    As salamu alaykum.

    • Hajuri
      March 11, 2016

      Salam Zu,

      Manifestation of Islam through hijab is very weak.Please consider good manners, ethics, science etc. It is the later that make the religion beautiful not the hijab,

      In fact it may look stupid to the non-mulsim when you wear in swimming pool etc. Please remember Quran never even mention hair. Only mortal human.

  90. Jannah
    January 7, 2014

    Women should realize that when the aurat is not covered properly, every single man who looks at it will be held accountable for every single gaze. The woman, on the other hand, is not going to be held accountable for that one sin merely; rather she will be held accountable for all the gazes from men that fell on her aurat. Just imagine how sinful she is for revealing the aurat only in one day. This is based on the Prophet’s word:

    من سن في الإسلام سنة سيئة فعليه وزرها ووزر من عمل بها من غير أن ينقص شيئاً

    Which means: “Whosoever initiates a wrongdoing, upon him are a sin and the sin of every single person who does it without his sin being reduced even a little…” (Narrated by Ahmad and others-Authentic)

    p.s: just dont go against the flow. if you stand by your point. i stand by mine. let others stand by theirs. dont influence my relative by religion to follow your way of thinking. You might have it right in your interpretation, but human dont share the same thought.

  91. Sana Abubaker
    February 4, 2014

    Reblogged this on World Of The Starry Eyed and commented:
    Best blog I’ve ever read. So detailed and well executed.🙂

  92. Adam
    March 12, 2014

    A Malaysian? I agree with you on this article. It’s a great read, and has opened my eyes about the aurah in Islam. It’s quite shocking to know that there is certainly no mention of woman’s hair as awrah in the Qur’an.

    It’s sad to live in this Malay society where ‘religious people’ tell you what to do. God won’t burden His servants; the ‘religious people’, the imams and ustaz and all that do. We are forced to obey. When I asked some ‘religious people’ whether or not a single strand of hair is worthy of 70000 years in hell, DESPITE that woman being a good-doer, a nice person, polite, kind-hearted and all that, they accused me of questioning God’s wisdom, and told me to “just obey without question even if it burdens you, or you will go to hell”.

    What do you think? Will all our good deeds be dismissed just because of not covering aurah(if hair is considered to be a part of it)?

  93. Orlando
    March 21, 2014

    Nice article, I remember writing about this 6 years ago on my blog. People need to remember that hijab itself is more cultural than religious.

    http://www.islamic-myths.com/islam/hijab-is-not-a-compulsion-of-islam/

  94. Anonymous
    April 10, 2014

    instead of going on and on about hijab. why not you do a reflection on your daily routine. from solat subuh to isya’. then solat sunat. when was the last time you pray for the sake of Allah. to have His bless to let you understand His religions. because al-quran said, those who turn their back on Allah swt will never be able to open up to Allah swt righteous religion. simple point from me, if you still referring Allah as god, mean you still away from his right path.
    i am not pious to point out ur flaws. but seeing you lost is sad. i hope you found the right way and repent. even the worse kafir can repent. so do u. stop arguing and start kneeling down, maybe if he favors u, someday u will meet the right way.

    • sfqomhz
      April 23, 2014

      1. I find it amusing that you apparently know whether I pray or not. But thank you for the same reminder I give to everyone. Sincerity.
      2. Semantics. My God is Allah and Allah is my God. Don’t beat around petty things just to earn points.

      Only God knows my heart, and if I am lost, may He guide me. Ameen.

  95. Anonymous
    April 24, 2014

    ^^ Anonymous

    “if you still referring Allah as god, mean you still away from his right path.” – I don’t need to be a Muslim to think that you are extremely misguided. If she wants to refer to Allah as a God, it simply shows she has respect for Allah so what’s wrong with that?

    How is this article show that she’s lost? I didn’t know that by having an opinion means a person is lost. Come on now, who are YOU to:

    – Ask her to do a reflection on her daily routine: Do you know her that well to imply that she doesn’t pray.

    – Imply that she doesn’t pray.

    – Ask her to stop arguing and start kneeling down. How about YOU stop reading her blog and start your nonsense at other blogs?

  96. Tg. Adam
    April 24, 2014

    this is for you.

    http://www.tarbawi.my/2013/01/apakah-dalil-al-quran-mengenai-aurat.html

    read it with your heart. may it lead you somewhere close to Allah swt.

    • Iman
      April 30, 2014

      Tq Tg Adam…i like what you have given. What I dislike is the ad on top of the page >> “Ayuh mendaftar sebagai ahli PAS”

  97. Tg. Adam
    April 24, 2014

    http://www.justaskislam.com/205/hijab-still-needed-why/

    i thought this might would help you out from the confusion.
    i didnt said wht you think is wrong nor right. but just read this with a clear mind, not getting all mixed up with your opinion.

  98. Anonymous
    April 25, 2014

    i hope you cover aurat someday including wearing a hijab ^.^

  99. Izzah
    April 29, 2014

    Can u please enlighten me on the awrah part? If the hadith abt our face and both our hands is daif then what is really a woman’s awrah? And sorry for telling this because im wearing a hijab, and from my pov, people would look at this as an excuse for not wearing the hijab although as u say its not an obligation im afraid that our sisters who has already wearing the hijab will not wear them anymore? Bcs me too after reading this feels like that.

    • Iman
      April 30, 2014

      i like what is written at the end of the article (linked below), The Voice (nope, not that Singing programme with Christina Aguilera on TV)..but about ‘the voice’ of woen being an awrah… : On a purely practical note, surely it is silly (to say the least) for us to wear hijaab and niqaab, and for many of us women to veil fully, to observe ‘hijaab of the eyes’, and then to talk freely to non-mahram men? We try to dress and cover-up in a modest manner, concealing our charms from the opposite sex, so why spoil all that by flirting or even speaking with non mahram men? Sadly, many of us have witnessed women who do just that, and it grieves me deeply when I see such behaviour. So insha’Allah this article may convince those ladies who still talk openly with non mahram men that such behaviour is both undesirable and against the teaching of The Holy Quran and of Hadith – that much I hope I have successfully argued in this article.

  100. Someone
    April 30, 2014

    aurat perempuan kat mana? dari hujung rambut hingga ke hujung ibu jari kaki kecuali muka dan tapak tangan. Ini bermakna rambut pun adalah satu aurat juga. So wajib lah tutup rambut tu🙂

    • sfqomhz
      April 30, 2014

      It feels like you disregarded everything that I had explained about aurat above and continued to use the same reason I talked about above to prove your point. But hey, that’s cool. To each their own, right? What’s not cool is closing eyes to an opinion despite an explanation merely because it’s not what you believe🙂

  101. SP
    May 2, 2014

    My dear sister, I agree with you that the misconception on the belief that Muslim women are forced to wear hijab. For the vast majority of Muslim women, nothing could be farther from the truth. Indeed, deciding finally to wear hijab is often difficult. Days of meditation, fear of negative consequences and reactions from family and/or the overall society, and ultimately, the need for plenty of courage weigh heavily in reaching the decision. Wearing hijab is a very personal and independent decision, coming from appreciating the wisdom underlying Allahs command and a sincere wish to please Him.

    For me, the lead up to the decision to wear hijab was more difficult than actually wearing it. I found that, al hamdulillah (praise be to God), although I did receive negative comments from people, I appreciated the feeling of modesty wearing the hijab gave me, and ironically, the negative attention made me feel more proud to be identified as a Muslim, remarked Katherine Bullock, a Canadian convert to Islam.

    To me hijab is a gift from Allah. It gives me the opportunity to become closer to Allah. Also quite importantly, (it provides me) the chance to stand and be recognized as a Muslim.

    While the hijab identifies women as followers of Islam, with it comes tremendous responsibility. It is true on what you have written that hijab is not merely a covering dress, but more importantly, it is behavior, manners, speech and appearance in public. The headscarf is an outer manifestation of an inner commitment to worshipping Allah , it symbolizes a commitment to piety. Self or inner morality is what gives meaning to the external scarf. This can be perceived from the overall demeanor of any Muslim woman, how she acts, dresses, speaks, and so on. In a land where misinformation about Islam and Muslims abounds, Muslim sisters have the opportunity to portray Islam in its true light

    My dear sister, contrary to the popular belief, Muslim and nonMuslim, hijab is not worn for men which is to keep their illicit desires in check for that is their own responsibility. Rather, Muslim women wear it for God and their own selves. Islam is a religion of moderation and of balance between extremes. Therefore, Islam itself does not expect women alone to uphold societys morality and uprightness. Rather, Islam asks men and women mutually to strive to create a healthy social environment where children may grow with positive, beautiful, constructive and practical values and concepts.

    In fact, for many women , hijab is a constant reminder that they should not have to design their lives and bodies for men. Before I started covering, I thought of myself based on what others thought of me. I see that too often in girls, their happiness depends on how others view them, especially men. Ever since, my opinion of myself has changed so much; I have gained (a lot of) self-respect. I have realized whether others may think of me as beautiful is not what matters. How beautiful I think of myself and knowing that Allah finds me beautiful makes me feel beautiful.

    The concept of modesty and hijab in Islam is holistic, and encompasses both men and women. The ultimate goal is to maintain societal stability and to please God.

  102. nadya
    May 4, 2014

    Assalamualaikum Shafiqah,

    I decided to start wearing ḥijāb the year the Twin Towers fell. I was eleven years old and firm in my decision, but had not yet experienced my “Aha! Islam is the truth!” moment that many “born Muslims” experience at some point. From that point on, I, along with all of my fellow ḥijāb-wearing sisters, became a walking billboard for Islam. I realized that although not all sisters are into da’wah or want to be explaining and defending their faith all the time, we are all thrown into the da’wah scene the moment we step outside wearing ḥijāb.

    Yunno Shafiqah, it all started in 7th grade… I was in public middle school and one of two ḥijābis in the entire school. It being the year after 9/11, I was fairly accustomed to filthy looks, “You poor ignorant, oppressed dear!” looks, terrorist comments, and “Go home!” comments, but mostly it was the questions… questions that I did not know how to answer given my age, nor did I have the confidence and firmness of faith to be able to answer with conviction. For example: A couple of days into school, a concerned teacher came to me saying, “Honey, you’re in America now. Don’t you know the Taliban can’t get you here?” I tried to explain that, in fact, I was born in America, my mom was whiter than white can be (and was not even Muslim for that matter), and my wearing ḥijāb had nothing to do with the Taliban, but my response came out sounding like a brainwashed excuse.

    Soon after, during P.E. class, I was sitting with a new friend I had made. After walking on the track, I was fixing one of my ḥijāb pins when she turned to me confused, asking, “Waaaait… Doesn’t it hurt when you put those pins on your head?” I attempted to do what I do best and make humor out of the situation, so I sarcastically told her: “Oh no… When we are babies, right after we are born, they drill small holes in our skulls so that we can put pins in them to keep our ḥijābs on later.” The look of complete and utter horror on her face told me she did not catch my sarcastic tone.

    But the most common question of all, the “Why do you wear that?” question, was one that I would generally shrug off by saying, “Oh I’m Muslim so that’s why I’m wearing this.” And thus began my evolution on how to answer the “Why do you wear that?” question.

    As I grew older and hung around different sisters of various ages and levels of Islamic practice, I realized that although my answer to the question was pretty lame, at least it was less confusing than the “It’s for protection” answer that most sisters gave… Okay, okay, I can understand from an Islamic perspective that ḥijāb is a protection from the eyes of non-mahram men, but for a non-Muslim hearing that answer with no further explanation, I can only imagine a couple of options going through their mind:

    Option A: “Okay, maybe she means protection from the heat of the sun and skin cancer.”

    Option B: “Okay, maybe she means that her father/brother/husband will beat her if she does not wear it, so she has to wear it for protection.”

    The reality is that a large number of sisters, ranging in age from pre-teens to older married women, do not know a simple way of answering why we wear ḥijāb.

    So why do we wear ḥijāb and how do we answer the “Why do you wear that?” question in a manner that not only explains why, but also seizes a beautiful, golden opportunity to open a da’wah discussion with someone.

    Well, I’m a Muslim, and as a Muslim, the most important thing to me is to believe that God is One and to worship Him alone (tawḥīd mentioned). That also includes following the guidelines that God asked of us. The reason I wear this is because it’s something God asked me to do. So that’s the REASON I wear this, however, after choosing to wear it, you realize there are countless benefits that come with it!

    Shafiqah, do you know that da’wah by actions is ALWAYS more? The fact is, when you look the way we do, people are always watching you and what you do. You could act in a certain way or do something good that sticks in someone’s mind and eventually brings them to Islam, or vice versa. This doesn’t mean that we should wait until we get to a “high enough level” before beginning to wear ḥijāb, but it’s merely a reminder for us to remain conscious of our behavior and our actions.

    Interestingly enough, even the way we choose to wear ḥijāb is da’wah!

    I realized that as Muslim women, having confidence and being well spoken and firm in our beliefs and actions has a huge impression on non Muslims. It makes them respect you and want to know more, rather than pity you and feel sorry for you.

    – nadya –

    • sfqomhz
      May 4, 2014

      Mashallah, thank you for this inspiring story. I am in awe of your journey towards hijab🙂 Although my article circles around the different interpretation that the hijab may not be wajib, I am not discrediting the idea that I might wear it one day. Inshallah, who know? As far as reasons go, we both may have different opinions, but your story is truly an inspiring one. Thank you once again, I will keep this in mind🙂

  103. Eastern Knowledge
    May 5, 2014

    I like the logical approach you are using to interpret the message. One of my favourite quotes by the prophet muhammad “There are as many ways to God as souls created” and I believe every message in every divine teaching can be viewed differently to the one searching for truth.
    Great Post =)

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      June 24, 2014

      Yes, my Twitter is @sfqomhz🙂 Thank you so much, this means a lot to me!

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  108. Farah
    August 24, 2014

    Thank you for taking the time for such an elaborate and carefully-thought viewpoint in the matter.

    Another thing that came to my mind recently is that after a quick google research, I came to know that the four schools of Islamic thought believe it is mandatory for men to grow beards. Yes- mandatory, I’ve always thought it’s sunna or “desirable ” (mustahab), but according to: http://islamqa.org/hanafi/daruliftaa/8462, I have understood that it is mandatory for men to grow a beard. How long it should be/is moustache included/should it be trimmed, are all secondary disputes amongst the 4 major schools of Islamic thought.

    So why is it then that men aren’t as harshly judged as women are for not donning/removing her head-veil? Both are overt signs of faith but women are told they are sinning and will end up in hell for disobeying God, but men? Nah- it’s their choice.

    Is this not a clear case of sexism and patriarchal superiority? Both are based on the same source…hadith! (The quranic verse states to cover the chest like you elaborated on).

    Would love to hear your thoughts.

  109. Pemeriksa Status Hadis
    August 24, 2014

    Answering your ask to share a hadith about 70,000 years in Hell for 1 strand of women’s hair exposed:

    Dear Miss Shafiqah,

    For your information, that hadith is totally fake or fabricated. One of ulemas (ustaz or Islamic scholars) who says that the hadith is FAKE, is Dr Asri (a.k.a. Dr. MAZA – Mohd Asri Zainul Abidin), an ex-Mufti of Perlis.

    Again, he says, the hadith of 70,000 years in Hell for 1 strand of hair exposed is FAKE (fabricated).

    What he said is recorded and uploaded to YouTube by WORLD KULIAH (YouTube channel name). Here it is:


    >> Video daripada Dr. Asri (MAZA) tentang hadis palsu masuk neraka 70,000 tahun untuk setiap helai rambut dilihat bukan mahram.

    >>The above video is an explanation from a renowned ustaz about the fake hadith of 70,000 years in Hell for 1 strand of women’s hair exposed. He says, the hadith is fake (fabricated).

    On the other hand, please let me explain below, in Malay, to our fellow Muslims who support their awrah (aurat) argument with fake hadiths.

    Kepada saudara/i yang selalu bercakap tentang aurat:

    Tahukah anda bahawa hujah-hujah yang anda bawa untuk menegakkan rambut sebagai aurat wanita adalah bersumber hadis-hadis palsu (selain yang lemah)?

    Antara hujah-hujah pendukung rambut sebagai aurat wanita ialah :

    Hujah 1:
    Masuk neraka kalau rambut nampak. Untuk setiap helai rambut terlihat kepada lelaki bukan mahram akan disambar api neraka selama 70,000 tahun.

    Hujah 2:
    Perempuan yang dedah rambut semasa hidup di dunia akan diazab di neraka dengan hukumannya “rambutnya digantung hingga mendidih otaknya”.

    Kedua-dua hujah di atas berpunca daripada hadis-hadis palsu (maudhu’) yang didapat daripada ustaz-ustaz yang sebar fahaman mereka dengan hadis-hadis palsu dan lemah.

    Untuk tahu apa hadis-hadis palsu yang saya maksudkan, anda boleh bacanya di pautan-pautan (link) di bawah:

    Penggunaan hadis2 palsu adalah satu pendustaan dan fitnah atas nama Nabi Muhammad SAW. Berdosa besar. Jadi, elakkan penyebaran hadis-hadis palsu.

    RINGKASAN:

    Pertama: Hadis 70,000 tahun dalam neraka untuk setiap rambut dilihat bukan mahram. -> Hadis ini PALSU. Malah Ustaz Dr. Asri (MAZA) juga mengakui kepalsuan hadis itu. Ikuti penjelasannya dalam video di atas.

    Baca link ini untuk huraian:
    Hadis Palsu tentang 70,000 tahun dalam neraka

    Ke-2: Hadis Fatima bertanya pada ayahnya, Rasullah – kisah (hadis) perempuan digantung rambutnya hingga mendidih otaknya dalam neraka ->
    Ia adalah hadis PALSU.

    Rujuk link di bawah untuk huraian.

    Hadis Palsu Fatimah tanya Nabi Muhammad SAW – kisah (hadis) perempuan digantung rambutnya hingga mendidih otaknya dalam neraka

    dan

    HADITS PALSU TENTANG BERBAGAI SIKSAAN BAGI WANITA DI DALAM API NERAKA

    -Daripada: Pemeriksa Status Hadis

  110. Anon
    October 12, 2014

    You mentioned that Allah does not command for the women to cover their hair,that’s is wrong dear sister plz don’t change up the command,before the verses of the command of the hijab the women actually covered their hair but they would show their necks,chests, and bossoms also a bit of their front hair.God commanded the believing women and the wives of the prophet in the same verse to cover up, and the wives of the prophet did not only cover their hair and their blossoms but they also took another step and covered their faces.I am not a niqabi but from this I understand why this is a good practice of the sunnah of the prophet(PUH) and his wife’s.Just like the command of prayer in the Quran we are actually not told how to pray but we learn from the prophet(PUH).Instead of us trying to interpret and give fatwas we can all follow the sunnah and the mother of the believers. No hard feelings just as share your opinion on the hijab I would love to share mine with you.

  111. Anon
    October 12, 2014

    The prophet(PUH) was sent to educate and interpret the verses of the Quran to us it is important that you don’take your own interpretations.From this verse if one doesn’t understand what hijab is and how it is worn we can simply look at how the wives of the prophet(PUH) wore it and we know that when this verse was revealed not only did they cover their hair their bossoms and their cheast but they took another step and wore niqab covered their faces.I am nota niqabi bit I highly respect women who choose to wear niqab because they choose to follow the vest examples, they choose to follow the honored women of Islam who are the wives of the prophet(PUH) and the mothers of the believers.How can we say that covering hair is not mandatory? We see that they covered their hair but their is a chose to cover the eyes,the face but not the eyes,or to show the face.of course the prophet(PUH) approved of how his wife’s covered.I’ve read about hadith which allows to show the face and the hands but not showing the hair.Also the reason why hair is mentioned but bossoms are is because before this command women actually covered their hair but they showed their necks and cheast. I didnt give proofs but I learned in a Quran course just research further in to the points and facts I gave if you are interested.I enjoyed reading your understanding of the hijab.

  112. Anonymous
    November 20, 2014

    Assalamu alaykum🙂
    Just wanted to know what does the word in the Qur’an jilbaab refer to? Does it exclusively mean long dark dress that covers the head? Do you know the root word?

    Im just very curious!

    Thank you

  113. Patrick O'Brien
    February 18, 2015

    … thank you very much for your excellent article which I’ve bookmarked for future reference.

    For me, it was both a Blessing and a joy to read an article based simply on the Word of God — the Qur’an.

    Well done, Sister!

    God Bless.

  114. Name
    February 27, 2015

    Excellent article. I believe religion should be one’s own choice, as with hijab. But do not pay so much attention to my opinion as I do not have a religion at all.

  115. mygazzali
    March 31, 2015

    There are many ayat from the Quran and Sahih Hadith that prove this. We will be reading the translation and tafseer of the most authentic Mufassireen (Ullima who made tafseer) like Ibn Kathir, Al-Qurtubi and At-Tabari, who are known for there great understanding of the Quran and recognized by the whole Muslim world. And all the hadith we will be citing are Authentic Sahih hadith. Allah(SWT) says in the Quran “O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way)” (Surah Al-Ahzaab – Verse #59 ) and the Ayah is explained by Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) herself in this hadith from Al Bukhari “Narrated Safiya bint Shaiba: ‘Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) used to say: “When (the Verse): “They should draw their veils over their necks and bosoms,” was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60,Hadith # 282].

    Allah (SWT) says in the most holy Quran “And Say to the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, head cover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)” ( Surah An-Nur, Verses #30 and #31) ‘ even for this ayah Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) narrated: “May Allah bestow His Mercy on the first Muhajirat. When Allah revealed, ‘…and draw their Khumur over their Juyubihinna…’, they (i.e. the women) tore their material and covered themselves with it.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhari].

    Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalanee, who is known as Ameer Al-Mu’mineen in the field of Hadith, said that the phrase, “Covered themselves”, in the above Hadith means that they “Covered their faces”. [FathAl-Bari]. Now you have to think who would understand these ayat better than Aisha (Radhiallaahu Ánha) the MOST knowledgeable women in the matters of deen and the wife of Rasulullah(saw).

    Ibn Abbas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) is one of the most learned men from the Sahaba (Radhiallaahu Ánhumaa). Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) even made duwaa for him saying “O Allah, make him acquire a deep understanding of the religion of Islam and instruct him in the meaning and interpretation of things.” He has been cited in Ma’riful Qur’an with reference to Surah Ahzaab on the authority of Ibn Jarir (RA) with a sahih chain of narrators, that “The Muslim women are ordered to cover

    their head and faces with outer garments except for one eye.” Now this is the interruption of the

    Quran from a sahabi for who Rasulullah(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) made duwaa to be able to understand the

    interpretation of Quran.

    Imaam Qurtubi cites in his Tafseer of the Ayah on Jilbaab (Al-Ahzab 33:59), that the Jilbaab is: “a cloth which covers the entire body… Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) and ‘Ubaidah As-Salmaani (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) said that it is to be fully wrapped around the women’s body, so that nothing appears but one eye with which she can see.” [Tafseer Al-Qurtubi].

    Some people make the false claim that this was only for the wives of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) but this has been proven wrong from the following hadith Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that Fatima bint al-Mundhir said, “We used to veil our faces when we were in ihram in the company of Asma bint Abi Bakr as-Siddiq.” [Imaam Malik’s MUWATTA Book 20 Hadith # 20.5.16] This again proves that not only the wives of Rasulullah(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam) wore the Niqaab and that even though in Ihram women are not supposed to wear Niqab but if men are there they still have to cover the face as it is supported by this next hadith from Aisha… Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: (Radhiallaahu Ánha) who said, “The riders would pass us while we were with the Messenger of Allah (Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam). When they got close to us, we would draw our outer cloak from our heads over our faces. When they passed by, we would uncover our faces. ] Recorded by Abu Dawud Book 10, Hadith # 1829: Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah have all narrated it , Narrated ‘Aisha. [In his work Jilbab al-Marah al-Muslimah, al-Albani states (p. 108) that it is hasan due to corroborating evidence. Also, in a narration from Asma {who was not the wife of Rasulullah(Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam)}, Asma also covered her face at all times in front of men.]

    And from the great scholars of the past and many of the contemporary scholars of today also hold this opinion. Ibn Kathir (RA) wrote “Women must not display any part of their beauty and charms to strangers except what cannot possibly be concealed.” And Imaam Ghazaali (RA) mentions in his famous book of Fiqh Ihyaal Uloom “Woman emerged (during the time of Rasulullah ‘Sallallaahu Álayhi Wasallam’) with NIQAABS on their Faces.”

    Shaikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid mentioned in his fatwaa “The most correct opinion, which is supported by evidence, is that it is obligatory to cover the face, therefore young women are forbidden to uncover their faces in front of non-mahram men in order to avoid any mischief, and they should certainly do so when there is fear of fitnah (temptation).”

    Jamiatul Ulama Junbi Africa sate in the book Islamic Hijab by Jamiatul Ulama P.12: that the proper opinion for the Hanafi madhab is that “A woman must be properly and thoroughly covered in a loose outer cloak which totally conceals her entire body including her face!”

    Great scholars of our time also agree on this, like Shaikh AbdulAziz Bin Bazz who writes in his book Islamic Fatwas regarding Women “It is compulsory for a woman to cover her face in front of non mahram men” and Shaikh ibn Uthaimin writes in the same book on page # 289 “The Islamic hijab is for the women to cover everything that is forbidden for her to expose. That is, she covers everything that she must cover. The first of those bodily parts that she must cover is her face.” Other great scholars that agree with the niqaab being wajib are Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalanee (RA), Shaikh Jamaal Zarabozo, Shaikh ibn Jibreen, Hakimul Ummah Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (RA), Mufti Ebrahim Desai and many more.

    There are many more hadith and many great scholars of Islam have agreed upon this but if we were to quote all of them it would take me writing a book.

    And Allah(SWT) knows best.

  116. Anonymous
    April 10, 2015

    could you please explain the statement,’they shall not strike their feet so in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments’,which is mentioned in verse no.24:31? some scholar state that it refers to tight dresses. I am very confused on this.

  117. mamatck
    April 10, 2015

    Reblogged this on mama tck and commented:
    What a brilliant and detailed discussion on the issue of hijab! If only everyone paid so much attention to the research like she does…

  118. Seeker
    May 25, 2015

    As for the people who say that you don’t pray without headcover, I feel that argument can be easily refuted by the fact that during salat we do special things like making wudu, facing the qibla etc. Even men specially wear caps during prayer. So salar is a different thing.
    However, you cannot deny that the word khimar means headcover and even at the time of the prophet it meant so ie headcover. So the verse asking to draw headcovers to your bosoms should imply that you should continue covering your head with it and also use it to cover your bosoms. This is similar to saying that pull your socks upto yours calves. This doesn’t mean you dont wear socks on your feet anymore and only on your calves.

  119. ola
    June 25, 2015

    Great article! finally there’s someone who share the same way of thinking..actually before i read your article, i’ve been thinking the same way and I knew how it feels when people looking down on you just because we can’t fulfill what it called as “standard” for muslimah,which is hijab. In my school, muslimah students are obligated to wear veil and bcs of that condition it’s become habit that I used it almost every time. I ever take off my veil once bcs I was performing dance, and after that my friends who claimed themselves as the “perfect muslimah” (bcs they are using veil) start to judge me,even they make a forum only to talk about me that take off my hijab and think about me just like the girl who’ve committed big sins and made fuss over it. Me at that time feeling so depressed but I keep using veil after that(bcs afraid of them talking bad about me). As the time goes by, I began to questioning, I try doing research about the truth of hijab, although it’s not as far you. I merely seeking the truth of what I’ve been doing till now..I don’t want to do something just because people told it “it’s haraam or you’ll will go to hell if you dont wear hijab/veil” I want to do something that I find it make sense and based on what Allah truly said in Quran..So for now, I’m not using veil anymore(from the first i never using veil truly from the heart),but I keep what Quran said and dress properly..I don’t care anymore abt what people think and said abt me as long as I find it right and make sense, bcs I live and I pray for Allah, why bother think abt others if we can focus on pray and pleasing Allah?I won’t be saying that Hijab is not right,bcs someday maybe I might use it, and I still need to learn many things. in my opinion, it is enough for us to use righteous dress and if we want to use hijab/veil, that’s good and already beyond Allah expectations..Wallahu Allam, Allah know best what really inside our heart..
    (sorry abt bad english)🙂

  120. Anonymous
    July 8, 2015

    Interesting thoughts. I agree with your point on how Allah will judge us on our intentions and our thoughts towards a matter

  121. hilfans
    July 16, 2015

    Reblogged this on Just Shared on WP.

  122. Farrah
    August 19, 2015

    Hi!
    I’ve stumbled upon your blog because I was curious about the acceptance and tolerance of the LGBT community in Islam, and your article on transgender in Islam popped up. I must say, I am extremely impressed! I am a fellow Muslim myself, and I was raised in an Islamic household. Not to mention, I live in Malaysia too, and I do not wear a hijab so this article was extremely relevant. You are clearly knowledgeable in your field of study and I hope that the Islamic community would be more accepting of the fact that you are an intellectual Muslim and that you know your stuff, even without a hijab. Why should an article of clothing dictate a person’s self worth and knowledge? Please keep up the good work, I will be reading your articles because this is truly enlightening!🙂 lots of love xx

  123. mikaellesoulsearching
    October 15, 2015

    Thank you for your scholarly well thought well written well spoken article.

    My own meager thoughts offered humbly

    Feminists whether female or male are quick to argue and point out all the idiosychhronies in the Quran that seem steeped in an anti-woman perspective.  How the Quran delineates the female antagonistic almost.   

    But really when reading the Quran what is far more apparent and evident is really the admission of the weak will of men.   Constantly are the men being chastised, reprimanded, brow beaten, delineated by the Prophet, for their lack of moral fiber and spiritual edification.  Barbaric beasts, animals does he find the men of his time to be.  Not withstanding that numerous Islamic scholars have well proven that most of what is regarded around the veiling supposed to be worn by women has no mention in the Quran but only comes from the cultural traditions, and therefore it’s mandatoryness debatable and questionable, yet still though the tradition persists.  And so to with the tradition it is believed the subjugation of women.   Return to the notion that the Prophet saw the men of his time as pigs, then perhaps it allows for reconsideration  of why the Prophet would not let men speak to the women of his household, unless the women were protected by some sort of partition from the animal nature of the men trying to converse with her.  Would not the woman whom served the Prophet faithfully daily in close proximity to him have shone from the radiance His light with their own mirrored light in such beauty and glory.   And would not men whom were  not but pigs at first only slowly being spiritually transformed have mistaken spiritual radiance in women for physical beauty and thus the risk of debasing the women have been an apparent threat to those righteous women.   Thereby did the Prophet in His Wisdom and Mercy, protect women from defilement, by declaring men unworthy and unfit to look upon them.   To wear the Hijaib is to remind men with the Prophet and Allah’s Blessing, how undeserving men still are to be in a women’s presence.  

    • Anonymous
      March 25, 2016

      Nice thought,

      But still it does not preclude that Quran and hadith sahih never ever mention hair even though Allah could have done so.

      Thanks

  124. Anonymous
    November 26, 2015

    Thanks for sharing your views, I am looking forward to your next writings 👍

  125. Anonymous
    December 13, 2015

    Assalamualaikum Syafiqah. you hv put such an effort. i understand well that yang u bukan benci hijab. InshaaAllah, kalau u pakai tudung 1 hari nanti, you’ll find it’s very comforting and you’ll feel safe. of course, yes because Allah is protecting you my dear🙂 that feeling, tak boleh nak describe until u sendiri yang pakai dan rasa sendiri. i pernah lalui perkara ni. imma hijabis. but back then, i wore hijab without knowing the true purposes of it, only because my parent were strict about it. but alhamdulillah 1 day i got friends who shared to me apa itu aurat yang sebenarnya, kenapa perlu tutup aurat, apa yang lelaki pandang bila tengok wanita, only then i realized how important for us actually to dress completely covered except for hands and face. you also can search in youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mgw6y3cH7tA whatever it is, kita belajar kena berguru. belajar ilmu tanpa guru akan bg ruang pd syaitan utk jd guru kita. keep learning my dear, dont stop! it’s okey dear, kayuh pelan-pelan, istiqamah. Allah knows best!🙂
    -YenJ

    • Hafiz Bajuri
      March 13, 2016

      Dear Anonymous

      It is a myth that one MUST ‘berguru’ – Millions of people in Islamic world ‘berguru’ look what happen to them. Destruction in Middle East. Why?

      Because in berguru you also need to;

      1st – free your mind – guru is not prophet.
      2nd – read many DIFFERENT opinions.
      3rd – think widely by observing history and present surrounding.

      To solely relies on guru also gives room to syaitan.
      Fake hadith, fake stories, hiding that even ulamas differ in opinions.
      This lead to extremism and killings.

      Can we totally trust guru?

      Personally, hijab during hot sports day, working in padi fields, warongs, etc make you look stupid. Normal people don’t get horny at your hair.

      Note: The Syrian and other Middle East refugees where do they go? Countries where different opinions are respected. Countries with better civil society.

      Hopefully one day we can have respect for different opinions.

      Thanks

  126. aishah
    February 5, 2016

    Kat dunia kita boleh je cakap apa yg kita nak.. nanti kat akhirat.. berani ke nak jawab macam tu?

    • Hajuri
      March 11, 2016

      Aishah

      Kalau kita tak sampaikan kebenaran pun kena jawab kat akhirat.

      Kebenarannya dalam Quran tak pernah sebut rambut. Cuma pandangan manusia.

  127. Hajuri
    March 11, 2016

    Great post Syafiqah,

    Not a single word of hair is mentioned in Quran, even though Allah could have done so.

    That is the fact i.e. truth, which I know is difficult for some to accept due to years of ‘education’

    But anybody dare to question the fact that hair is never mention is equally answerable in the hereafter. That includes ‘ustazs’ who hide this information.

    Note – the first step is to tell the ‘TRUTH’ than only you can start promoting good deeds.

    True, hijab is a choice, totally respect that, but personally it is the epitome of irrationality when one has to work in plantations, padi field, construction sites, at sports day etc. It becomes grotesque.

    One can do without hijab and yet fulfill the requirement of Quran.

    By the we can also read a good article by Imam Feisal and a PhD dissertation at Al Azhar (if your can find).

    Looking forward for your articles.

    Thanks Syafiqah

  128. Hafiz Bajuri
    March 13, 2016

    Shafiqah, very good.

    How ironic, many of those who insist hair as aurat have little respect for different opinions when even ulamas acknowledges this differences.

    When ‘ustaz’ hide and denies the fact that hair is never explicitly mentioned in Quran and even throws in fake hadith, I begin to wonder on their motive.

    Thanks again Shafiqah

    • Nasrullah Al-Qadahi
      April 18, 2016

      quran also didn’t mention explicitly how to perform the daily prayers. how do you perform your shalah? how many raka’at fajr prayer? how many raka’at for ‘isya’? i’m asking you to bring a single proof which any scholars from the first 3 centuries ever have different opinions about hair not being aurah.

  129. Maryamnajidah
    March 19, 2016

    Assalmu alaikum sister, sorry to be so bi-polar but I read some other evidence that has proved to my that the Khimar is Fard. And I want to keep an open mind to find out the truth.

    Please remove my comment before this one it would be much appreciated thank you.

    that.’ He said: ‘Do not do that, for Umm 3arik has a lot of guests, and I would not like your aimirr to fall off, or your shins to become uncovered, and the people see something of you that you do not want them to see. Rather go to your cousin (son of your paternal uncle) ‘Abdullih bin ‘Amr bin Umm Mddiim, who is a man of Banu Fihr.’ So I went to him.”This is an abridged form of it. (Sahih)

  130. Linda
    April 13, 2016

    Islam itu mudah.. Kita masih terkeliru apabila culture dan religion bercampur aduk.. I’m a Muslim not Arab..

  131. nikmunirz
    April 17, 2016

    Nothing to comment because you will always find an answer to reply just my prayer that May Allah S.W.T show you the right path.

  132. Nasrullah Al-Qadahi
    April 18, 2016

    sister shafiqah, do you consider your hair as an adornment?

  133. Ejay
    April 21, 2016

    Seseorg ilmuan pernah berkata pada saya.. Islam itu mudah tapi manusia itu sendiri menyusah2 kan.. Paling ketara bila kita tak dapat membezakan agama dan budaya.. Ramai yang nak jadi orang Arab..
    Rasanya cukup islamkah kita? Macam mana? 🙂

  134. hajar
    June 9, 2016

    One of the most attractive things about Islam(to me) was the directness of communion between man and God. We do not need a member of the clergy to intercede on our behalf, therefore saving us from the tyranny of the clerical classes who would rather that the interpretation of religion be left to them. There is a theory that Luther was himself influenced by this aspect of Islam when he initiated the Reformation. So I have to disagree with all those who insist on deferring to ‘Yang lebih berilmu’ or insist on the need to ‘berguru’ when as stated in the comments below, that God or Allah( a term you so pedantically insist on using), has made the Quran so easy and within the grasp of the laity that we could and should resist any form of clerical bullying on the right of interpretation.

    I first started (trying to wear the) khimar/hijab( will use the word hijab in the context of how we have come to understand it today even though I’d noted the distinction you’d made between the hijab in the Quran vs our contemporary understanding of it) because I believed it was fard, and later as a symbol of my political affiliation as I resented how the teacher would look at me every time he speaks of <>. Along the way I’d raised my parents’ hopes, especially my mom’s, that their prodigal daughter is finally entering the fold of orthodoxy. I’d pretty much decided against hijab when I got my first ‘hijab headache’. (No- I don’t put my hair up tight, in fact I was wearing it loose that day. Please don’t tell me that this is something I ‘will get used to’ as I have no intention of signing up
    for a lifetime of headaches. There’s almost no way of wearing a hijab that lives up to the expectations of the hijab police today without wearing an ‘inner’. After all, I get 70000 years in hell for every strand of hair I show, right?)

    I’d concluded that the hijab is detrimental- how I’d come to that conclusion is for another day- but God couldn’t possibly have mandated something that is detrimental which was what leads me to this site. I wear the hijab now solely for my parents( noted on your thoughts re: false idols) as I’d not found a way to break it to them yet that I wouldn’t be going ahead with the hijab. It is indeed possible that I’m searching for a justification to a decision that I’d already made. On one hand, there’s the observation (by you and several other parties) that the hijab was not common even amongst the spouses of the alim. God’s words have not changed, our interpretation of it has. Am also concerned about the incredibly misogynistic hadiths that are trotted out as the absolute truth nowadays( pasal tulah Rasulullah S.A.W bersabda bahawa kebanyakan penghuni neraka adalah dari golongan wanita, when confronted with a woman wearing a headscarf while showing a bit of her neck on social media) and up till recently have decided to not question anything related to hadiths ‘because I know nothing’.
    What bugs me though is that the obligation to cover the hair is clearly delineated for Christian women (and Jewish women too?) Without any of the negative connotations usually associated with the word, Islam has been derivative of the other two Abrahamic religions( fasting, the day of rest, how we pray) and when I read an interpretation that the Ayat cover your bosoms with the khimar was to distinguish the Muslim women from their Jewish and Christian brethren( who wear the scarf tied behind their heads, therefore exposing their necks and maybe ears), it made a lot of sense. Islam, as the last version of the Abrahamic religions has had quite a bit of differentiating to do from the other two. If Christian and Jewish women have been told to cover their hair, how would Muslim women be any different, with the exception of how we’re supposed to wear the scarf? Curious as to your thoughts on this

  135. Anonymous
    June 9, 2016

    Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

    When the verse “That they should cast their outer garments over their persons” was revealed, the women of Ansar came out as if they had crows over their heads by wearing outer garments. (Abu Dawud)

    This hadith seems to indicate the immediate companions of the prophet understood the verse as an obligation to wear the hijab

  136. Anonymous
    June 9, 2016

    “Safiyyah, daughter of Shaybah, said that Aisha mentioned the women of Ansar, praised them and said good words about them. She then said: When Surat an-Nur came down, they took the curtains, tore them and made head covers (veils) of them.” (Abu Dawud)

  137. جميلة
    June 23, 2016

    Reblogged this on No More Hurting People Peace and commented:
    Very interesting and well-written article!🙂

  138. nisa
    July 4, 2016

    Hi kak syaf, i love reading your articles and stuffs. Regarding this hijab thingy, im sure all of us may have heard abt a hadith that tells us that the awrah of a woman are all parts of the body except the face and hand. This hadith that leads us to why we wear our hijab today. Is this hadith not legit?

  139. D. Chowdhury
    August 25, 2016

    Very wonderful post . Learned a lot . Thank you . I’m looking for this for long time. Since I don’t use ‘hijab’ . I was looking for the ayat in Surah Nisa where Allah SWT says ” cover your head with the piece of cloth you cover your chest ” ( for women ) . But couldn’t find in here.

  140. Kaka
    October 3, 2016

    Hai shafiqah, I can see there’s a lot of point u cuba utk terangkan. but dear, u know alquran & hadis perlu selari isn’t? Kalau kita cuma ikut alquran tanpa hadits kita boleh menyimpang same goes kalau kita ikut hadis shj tanpa alquran kita blh sesat juga. The simplest example is like org memasak tanpa tahu cara-cara utk memasak.. dia ada all the ingredients but he’s too noob to know what to do 1st and etc. apatah lagi org yang tgglkan alquran + hadis, betapa sesat nya dia hanya Allah yg tahu. Like u saying aurat waktu solat dgn waktu bukan solat is different.. so u trying to say kita cuma “solat=beserah diri” cuma masa masuk waktu shj? Bila bukan waktu solat kita tak “beserah diri” ? Solat 5 waktu itu adalah syariat nya , hakikat sebenarnya kita sentiasa solat setiap masa. I hope u get it what im trying to say. just like u, i pun masih belajar. So im really sorry kalau ada yg salah .

  141. Anthony chico
    October 25, 2016

    Assalamu alaykum sister i just want to say i love u n sisters like u n we need more sisters like u its time for the rights of women in islam to be recognized n respected by all especially the brothers whom r suppose to protect you all not oppress you all
    I pray allah would bless me with a wife who knows n stands up for her rights n who is like khadija because she was the best example of a wife

  142. Kas
    November 7, 2016

    How thouroughly refreshing to read an educated self thinker put this topic up for discussion. Sure there are people who have either read Quran along with Hadiths and believe it is mandatory and along with teachings and ingrained from childhood believe it. So when somebody any less than a Scholar claims any differently they are completely ignorant to the possibility that it is not mandatory. How clear is the Quran that it does not need any other books to support or interperit it. Hadith is not the word of God. Some people just love to be “spoon fed” they eat it right up. They’re sheep, they cannot be enlightened nor can they possibly entertain the idea that they might be wrong. I could talk with you for hours. You are strong, educated, open minded and more than fair in the way you wrote your article and your follow up comments! Somebody with a brain who’s using it and not afraid to do so!

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